Ella H Haddad

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Dietary and nutritional status of individuals habitually consuming a vegan diet was evaluated by biochemical, hematologic, and immunologic measures in comparison with a nonvegetarian group. On the basis of 4-d dietary records, the intake of female and male vegans tended to be lower in fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fat, and cholesterol and higher in(More)
AIM To examine the relation between meat intake and diabetes occurrence in adults. METHODS In a prospective cohort study we examined the relation between diet and incident diabetes recorded among 8,401 cohort members (ages 45-88 years) of the Adventist Mortality Study and Adventist Health Study (California, USA) who were non-diabetic at baseline. During(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent consumption of nuts may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease by favorably altering serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. OBJECTIVE We compared the effects of 2 amounts of almond intake with those of a National Cholesterol Education Program Step I diet on serum lipids, lipoproteins, apolipoproteins, and glucose in healthy and(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify predictors of healthful dietary practices in adolescents using the Theory of Planned Behavior and determine how gender and ethnicity influence the relationship among the theoretical constructs. DESIGN Initial and 1-month follow-up questionnaires, designed to measure the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior and select(More)
The Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) began in 2002 with the goal of investigating the role of selected foods to change the risk of cancer. AHS-2 is designed to provide more precise and comprehensive results than previous pioneering research among Seventh-day Adventists, a unique health oriented population with diverse dietary habits. The Adventist church,(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary patterns and nutrient intakes of vegetarians in a nationally representative survey have not been described. OBJECTIVE We sought to profile and compare nutrient and food consumption patterns of self-defined vegetarians and nonvegetarians in a representative sample of the US population. DESIGN Data from 13 313 participants (age: >/= 6(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the duration of vascular blood vessel dysfunction and coagulation abnormalities after administration of endotoxin in a nonlethal septic rabbit model. DESIGN Randomized, controlled, interventional trial. SETTING University animal laboratory. SUBJECTS A total of 30 male New Zealand White rabbits, randomly assigned to one of two(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is a common pathophysiological pathway for a number of chronic diseases, and is strongly influenced by sociodemographic factors and lifestyle. Less is known about factors that may influence the inflammatory response in individuals of distinct ethnic backgrounds. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between ethnicity and(More)
BACKGROUND Increased consumption of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids decreases the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine whether walnuts (plant n-3 fatty acid) and fatty fish (marine n-3 fatty acid) have similar effects on serum lipid markers at intakes recommended for primary prevention of CHD. DESIGN In a(More)
Studies consistently show the beneficial effects of eating nuts, but as high-energy foods, their regular consumption may lead to weight gain. We tested if daily consumption of walnuts (approximately 12 % energy intake) for 6 months would modify body weight and body composition in free-living subjects. Ninety participants in a 12-month randomized cross-over(More)