Elke de Clerck

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We examined the diversity of transconjugants that acquired the catabolic plasmids pJP4 or pEMT1, which encode degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), in microcosms with agricultural soil inoculated with a donor strain (Dejonghe, W., Goris, J., El Fantroussi, S., Höfte, M., De Vos, P., Verstraete, W., and Top, E. M. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.(More)
Aerobic, endospore-forming bacteria that are attributed to the genus Bacillus or related genera constitute a hazard to the quality of gelatin. During repetitive extragenic palindromic DNA (rep)-PCR screening of gelatin isolates, a group of five isolates (group 1) and a group of 66 isolates (group 2) that did not match any pattern in our database were found.(More)
Seven strains of aerobic, endospore-forming bacteria were found in soil taken from an active fumarole on Lucifer Hill, Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago, Antarctica, and four strains were from soil of an inactive fumarole at the foot of the hill. Amplified rDNA restriction analysis, 16S rDNA sequence comparisons, SDS-PAGE and routine phenotypic(More)
Because of its food spoiling capacity on the one hand and its significant role in the production of industrially valuable products on the other, Bacillus coagulans is of economic concern. Several studies have revealed a great deal of diversity within the species and this has led to a number of taxonomic adjustments. The present study aims to clarify the(More)
Bacterial contamination of gelatin is of great concern. Indeed, this animal colloid has many industrial applications, mainly in food and pharmaceutical products. In a previous study (E. De Clerck and P. De Vos, Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 25:611-618), contamination of a gelatin production process with a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria was(More)
Bacillus licheniformis is exploited industrially for the production of enzymes and has been shown to exhibit pathogenic properties. Because of these divergent characteristics, questions arise concerning intraspecies diversity. A comparative study by means of combined repetitive polymerase chain reaction, rpoB and gyrA sequencing, 16S rDNA targeted probe(More)
Forty-eight bacterial strains were isolated at dairy farms from raw milk, the milking apparatus, green fodder or feed concentrate after a heat treatment of 30 min at 100 degrees C. In this way, spore-forming bacteria with a very high intrinsic heat resistance were selected for. The aerobic spore-forming isolates were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomical(More)
Bacillus fumarioli was originally isolated from geothermal soils in continental and maritime Antarctica, and recently, it has been shown to be a frequent contaminant of gelatine extracts obtained from European and American production plants. These habitats are geographically widely separated, share similar temperature and pH conditions, but have(More)
AIMS To screen for bacterial contamination during gelatine production by means of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). As members of Bacillus and related genera were found to persist in the final product, this study focussed on these taxa. METHODS AND RESULTS Template DNA was extracted from gelatine samples at five crucial points of a gelatine(More)
AIMS To investigate the effect of silver-based antimicrobial material incorporated in the inner liners of refrigerators on food safety and quality. METHODS AND RESULTS In the first stage, the bactericidal effect was tested in the laboratory. Silver-containing samples and control plates were inoculated with different bacterial suspensions and stored at(More)