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Loss of histotypic organization of epithelial cells is a common feature in normal development as well as in the invasion of carcinomas. Here we show that the v-src oncogene is a potent effector of epithe-lial differentiation and invasiveness. MDCK epithelial cells transformed with a temperature-sensitive mutant of v-src exhibit a strictly epithelial(More)
The gap junction protein connexin30 (Cx30) is expressed in a variety of tissues that include epithelial and mesenchymal structures of the inner ear. We generated Cx30 (Gjb6) deficient mice by deletion of the Cx30 coding region. Homozygous mutants (Cx30((-/-))) were born at the expected Mendelian frequency, developed normally and were fertile. However, they(More)
Loss of histotypic organization of epithelial cells is a common feature in normal development as well as in the invasion of carcinomas. Here we show that the v-src oncogene is a potent effector of epithelial differentiation and invasiveness. MDCK epithelial cells transformed with a temperature-sensitive mutant of v-src exhibit a strictly epithelial(More)
In order to reveal the biological function(s) of the gap-junction protein connexin 45 (Cx45), we generated Cx45-deficient mice with targeted replacement of the Cx45-coding region with the lacZ reporter gene. Heterozygous Cx45(+/)(-) mice showed strong expression of the reporter gene in vascular and visceral smooth muscle cells. Cx45-deficient embryos(More)
Gap junction channels which are responsible for direct intercellular communication are composed of connexin proteins. Different connexins are distributed in a tissue-specific manner. Up to now only connexin26 has been identified to be widely expressed in the inner ear. In order to investigate the role of additional gap junction proteins, the expression of(More)
The expression patterns of the gap junction genes connexin40 and connexin43 have been analyzed during late mouse fetal development, i.e., at embryonic days 14.5 and 16.5, by in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence. Connexin40 was found in endothelial cells of vessels, cardiomyocytes and in developing myoblasts and myotubes. Expression of connexin40 in(More)
BACKGROUND The current medical treatment of endometriosis, a common gynaecological disease, is still associated with a high recurrence rate. To establish an appropriate in-vivo model to evaluate new therapeutic strategies we validated the nude mouse model for the intraperitoneal cultivation of human endometrial tissue. METHODS Human endometrium of the(More)
The gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) is thought to be involved in growth control in several tissues. Using the doxycycline inducible tet-on system, we generated human malignant trophoblast Jeg3 cells transfected with either Cx40, Cx43, or C-terminal truncated Cx43 (trCx43). Cx43, but not Cx40 or trCx43, displayed a reduced cell growth of Jeg3 cells in(More)
Gap junctional intercellular coupling allows cells to share low molecular weight metabolites and second messengers, thus facilitating homeostatic and developmental processes. Gap junctions make their appearance very early in rodent development, during compaction in the eight-cell stage. Surprisingly, preimplantation mouse embryos lacking the gap junction(More)
A distinct spatial and temporal pattern of connexin26 and connexin43 (cx26 and cx43) expression was observed in the rat endometrium in response to embryo implantation; however, connexin expression was suppressed during the preimplantation period. Pseudopregnant rats did not show connexin mRNA, while artificial decidualization induced by a scratch led to a(More)