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The transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 1beta (HNF1beta) is a tissue-specific regulator that also plays an essential role in early development of vertebrates. In humans, four heterozygous mutations in the HNF1beta gene have been identified that lead to early onset of diabetes and severe primary renal defects. The degree and type of renal defects(More)
The activity of natural killer (NK) cells is regulated by surface receptors, which direct target cell recognition. NKp30 (Natural Cytotoxicity Receptor 3) induces target cell lysis and is also crucial for the interaction with dendritic cells. So far, the cellular ligands for NKp30 have remained elusive. Here we show that the nuclear factor HLA-B-associated(More)
The tissue-specific transcription factor HNF1alpha is expressed in kidney, liver, intestine and stomach of Xenopus. We show that the HNF1alpha gene is transcriptionally activated at the onset of zygotic gene transcription and that this transcription is maintained throughout development. Ectodermal explants of blastulae (animal caps) express HNF1alpha mRNA(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are a major component of the anti-tumor immune response. NK cell dysfunctions have been reported in various hematologic malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Here we investigated the role of tumor cell-released soluble and exosomal ligands for NK cell receptors that modulate NK cell activity. Soluble CLL(More)
Drosophila enhancer of rudimentary [e(r)] interacts genetically with the rudimentary gene, which encodes a protein possessing the first three enzymatic activities of the pyrimidine biosynthesis pathway. A regulatory or enzymatic activity of e(r) in pyrimidine biosynthesis and the cell cycle has been suggested, but nothing is known about its molecular(More)
Galectin-1 (Gal1) is a member of a highly conserved family of carbohydrate-binding proteins. It modulates innate and adaptive immune responses and fosters tumor-immune escape. Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) Reed-Sternberg cells overexpress and secrete Gal1, which selectively kills T helper (Th)1 and Th17 cells and cytotoxic T cells and promotes the immunosuppressive(More)
NKp30, a natural cytotoxicity receptor expressed on NK cells is critically involved in direct cytotoxicity against various tumor cells and directs both maturation and selective killing of dendritic cells. Recently the intracellular protein BAT3, which is involved in DNA damage induced apoptosis, was identified as a ligand for NKp30. However, the mechanisms(More)
Most patients with primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma (PCNSL) relapse after initial response to chemotherapy or the combination of chemotherapy and irradiation. Thus, novel treatment regimens for relapsed PCNSL are needed. As the majority of PCNSL are B-cell neoplasms expressing the CD20 antigen, treatment with the chimeric monoclonal antibody(More)
5F11, a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against CD30, effectively induces killing of CD30-expressing lymphoma cell lines in vitro and in animal models. A recently conducted phase 1/2 study shows that 5F11 is well tolerated in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed and refractory CD30(+) lymphoma and has some clinical activity. In the present(More)