Elke M Schmidt

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Of various benzoate-utilizing bacteria tested, Alcaligenes eutrophus 335, A. eutrophus H16, A. eutrophus JMP222, A. eutrophus JMP134, Alcaligenes strain A7, and Pseudomonas cepacia were able to grow with 4-fluorobenzoate as the sole source of carbon and energy. P. cepacia also utilizes 3-fluorobenzoate. Except for A. eutrophus JMP134, which is known to grow(More)
Enzymatic conversion of 4-fluorocatechol in the simultaneous presence of partially purified preparations of catechol 1,2-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas cepacia and muconate cycloisomerase from Alcaligenes eutrophus 335 yielded a product that was unambiguously identified as (+)-4-fluoromuconolactone [(+)-4-carboxymethyl-4-fluoro-but-2-en-4-olide]. This(More)
1. An enzyme for the cycloisomerization of 2- and 3-chloro-cis,cis-muconic acid was isolated from 3-chlorobenzoate-grown cells of Pseudomonas sp. B13. It was named muconate cycloisomerase II, because it could it clearly be differentiated by its Km and Vmax. values from an ordinary muconate cycloisomerase, which functioned in benzoate catabolism and(More)
Glucose is the most important energy substrate for the brain, and its cellular distribution is a subject of great current interest. We have employed fluorescent glucose probes, the 2-deoxy-D-glucose derivates 6- and 2-([N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl) amino]-2-deoxy-D-glucose) (2-NBDG), to measure transport and metabolism of glucose in acute slices of(More)
The high disease resistance of the amphidiploid hybrid of Nicotiana glutinosa x Nicotiana debneyi is associated with high constitutive levels of two phenolic compounds as analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The structures of these two compounds were elucidated by means of gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, fluorescence- and(More)
Alcaligenes eutrophus B9 and Pseudomonas sp. B13 could be adapted to 2-fluorobenzoate as the sole source of carbon and energy. The ability of the A. eutrophus B9 to use this new substrate is clearly based on the defective dihydrodihydroxybenzoate dehydrogenase. Nontoxic 6-fluoro-3,5-cyclohexadiene-1,2-diol-1-carboxylic acid is accumulated instead of(More)
Gray matter protoplasmic astrocytes extend very thin processes and establish close contacts with synapses. It has been suggested that the release of neuroactive gliotransmitters at the tripartite synapse contributes to information processing. However, the concept of calcium (Ca(2+))-dependent gliotransmitter release from astrocytes, and the release(More)
Low-magnification high-numerical aperture objectives maximize the collection efficiency for scattered two-photon excited fluorescence (2PEF), but non-descanned detection schemes for such objectives demand optical components much bigger than standard microscope optics. Fiber coupling offers the possibility of removing bulky multi-channel detectors from the(More)
Pseudomonas sp. D7-4 and Pseudomonas sp. B13 FR1(pFRC20P) degraded mixtures of chloro- and methyl-substituted benzoates exclusively via an extended ortho pathway, whereas in Pseudomonas putida WR201 both ortho and meta fission were induced by mixtures of 3-chloro- and 3-methylbenzoate or even by 3-chlorobenzoate alone. The competition behaviour of these(More)