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Vaccination during pregnancy has been recommended in some countries as a means to protect young infants from severe infection. Nevertheless, many aspects are still unknown and possible blunting of the infant's immune responses by maternal antibodies, is one of the concerns with maternal vaccination. We report the first prospective controlled cohort study in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the duration of the presence of maternal antibodies to measles in infants. DESIGN Prospective study (May 2006 to November 2008). SETTING Five hospitals in the Province of Antwerp, Belgium. PARTICIPANTS Of 221 pregnant women recruited, 207 healthy woman-infant pairs were included-divided into a vaccinated group (n=87) and(More)
A pertussis vaccination during pregnancy has recently been adopted in several countries to indirectly protect young infants. This study assessed the effect of adding a pertussis component to the tetanus vaccination, in the pregnancy immunization program in Vietnam. A randomized controlled trial was performed. Pregnant women received either a Tdap (tetanus,(More)
Maternal antibodies against cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection offer, to some extent, protection against congenital CMV infection. This study describes the seroprevalence of CMV-specific IgG in 220 parturient women during pregnancy, at delivery, at 3 months after delivery and in their cord blood (Flanders, Belgium, 2006-2008). ELISA was used to measure IgG. Of(More)
Kinetics of maternal rubella and varicella antibodies in 213 mother-infant pairs are described in a longitudinal study in Belgium. Blood samples are taken at 7 time points (week 36 of pregnancy, birth (cord), 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months), and analyzed for anti-rubella IgG and anti-varicella IgG by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A generalized(More)
This paper reviews literature on passively transferred maternal antibodies against measles in infants. The amount and decay of these antibodies can be a result of changing patterns in society: increasing cohorts of women are vaccinated against measles instead of having naturally acquired immunity, the age of first childbirth is increasing and young adults(More)
BACKGROUND Characteristics of the human neonatal immune system are thought to be responsible for heightened susceptibility to infectious pathogens and poor responses to vaccine antigens. Using cord blood as a source of immune cells, many reports indicate that the response of neonatal monocytes and dendritic cells (DC) to Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists(More)
After several decades of vaccination against hepatitis B virus in newborns, infants, adolescents, and adults, the question remains whether a booster dose is ever needed. Long-term protection is most commonly measured through 4 methods: the anamnestic response after administration of a booster dose, infection rate in vaccinated populations, in vitro B and T(More)
To examine the influence of a pertussis booster vaccination on the transfer of maternal antibodies, 24 nonpregnant women received a tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis booster vaccine between 2 consecutive pregnancies. Blood was drawn from mothers and off-spring. Efficient transplacental antibody transfer and significantly higher antibody titers(More)