Elke Langkopf

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A new chemical class of potent DPP-4 inhibitors structurally derived from the xanthine scaffold for the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been discovered and evaluated. Systematic structural variations have led to 1 (BI 1356), a highly potent, selective, long-acting, and orally active DPP-4 inhibitor that shows considerable blood glucose lowering in(More)
BI 1356 [proposed trade name ONDERO; (R)-8-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-7-but-2-ynyl-3-methyl-1-(4-methyl-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl)-3,7-dihydro-purine-2,6-dione] is a novel dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor under clinical development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we investigated the potency, selectivity, mechanism, and duration of(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 occurs frequently in human cancers and is associated with aggressive tumor behavior and poor patient prognosis. We have investigated the effects in vitro and in vivo of a new class of inhibitor molecules on the growth of several human cancer cell(More)
Several signalling pathways contribute to the regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), either during developmentally regulated processes or in cancer progression and metastasis. Induction of EMT in fully polarized mouse mammary epithelial cells (EpH4) by an inducible c-fos estrogen receptor (FosER) oncoprotein involves loss of E-cadherin(More)
Disrupting the interaction between glycogen phosphorylase and the glycogen targeting subunit (G(L)) of protein phosphatase 1 is emerging as a novel target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. To elucidate the molecular basis of binding, we have determined the crystal structure of liver phosphorylase bound to a G(L)-derived peptide. The structure reveals(More)
Several signalling pathways contribute to the regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), either during developmentally regulated processes or in cancer progression and metastasis. Induction of EMT in fully polarized mouse mammary epithelial cells (EpH4) by an inducible c-fos estrogen receptor (FosER) oncoprotein involves loss of E-cadherin(More)
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