Elke Lammertyn

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In aquatic environments, Legionella pneumophila survives, in association with other bacteria, within biofilms by multiplying in free-living amoebae. The precise mechanisms underlying several aspects of the uptake and intracellular replication of L. pneumophila in amoebae, especially in the presence of other bacteria, remain unknown. In the present study, we(More)
With the aim of investigating determining factors for secretion of heterologous proteins by streptomycetes, we analysed the effect of charge variation in the Streptomyces venezuelae ATCC15068 α-amylase signal peptide on expression and secretion of mouse tumour necrosis factor α (mTNF) by Streptomyces lividans. To this end, the mTNF cDNA was fused to the(More)
Several molecular techniques require high quality RNA, completely free of DNA. Standard methods to isolate total RNA from Streptomyces spp. are based on the application of a 'Modified Kirby Mix' [Practical Streptomyces Genetics. The John Innes Foundation, Norwich, pp. 613]. Here we present an alternative procedure using Triton X-100 and EDTA for the(More)
We evaluated the feasibility of large-scale production of biopharmaceuticals expressed as heterologous polypeptides from the Gram-positive bacterium Streptomyces lividans. As a model protein we used murine tumor necrosis factor alpha (mTNFalpha). mTNFalpha fused C-terminally to the secretory signal peptide of the subtilisin-inhibitor protein from(More)
We have selected aptamers binding to lysozyme from a DNA library using capillary electrophoresis-systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment. During the selection process the dissociation constant of the ssDNA pool decreased from the micromolar to the low nanomolar range within five rounds of selection. The final aptamer had a dissociation(More)
The temperate bacteriophage VWB integrates into the chromosome of Streptomyces venezuelae ETH14630 via site-specific integration. Following recombination of the VWB attP region with the chromosomal attB sequence, the host-phage junctions attL and attR are formed. Nucleotide sequence analysis of attP, attB, attL and attR revealed a 45 bp common core(More)
Streptomyces is an interesting host for the secretory production of recombinant proteins because of its natural ability to secrete high levels of active proteins into the culture broth and the availability of extensive fermentation knowledge. In bacterial expression systems, heterologous protein secretion has, so far, almost exclusively been investigated(More)
As for other organisms, proteins to be secreted in Streptomyces are produced as preproteins consisting of the mature protein preceded by a N-terminal signal peptide which is cleaved off during membrane translocation. Although primary sequences are seldom conserved among signal peptides, they all have a typical tripartite structure: a basic amino-terminus, a(More)
Protein secretion is a universal process of fundamental importance for various aspects of cell physiology including the infection of a host organism by a bacterial pathogen. Many Gram-negative pathogens export virulence-associated proteins across one or two cell membranes to their place of action using a wide plethora of secretory pathways with the(More)
The recently discovered bacterial twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway was investigated in Streptomyces lividans, a gram-positive organism with a high secretion capacity. The presence of one tatC and two hcf106 homologs in the S. lividans genome together with the several precursor proteins with a twin-arginine motif in their signal peptide suggested(More)