Elke Deuerling

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To estimate the minimal gene set required to sustain bacterial life in nutritious conditions, we carried out a systematic inactivation of Bacillus subtilis genes. Among approximately 4,100 genes of the organism, only 192 were shown to be indispensable by this or previous work. Another 79 genes were predicted to be essential. The vast majority of essential(More)
The role of molecular chaperones in assisting the folding of newly synthesized proteins in the cytosol is poorly understood. In Escherichia coli, GroEL assists folding of only a minority of proteins and the Hsp70 homologue DnaK is not essential for protein folding or cell viability at intermediate growth temperatures. The major protein associated with(More)
During protein biosynthesis, nascent polypeptide chains that emerge from the ribosomal exit tunnel encounter ribosome-associated chaperones, which assist their folding to the native state. Here we present a 2.7 A crystal structure of Escherichia coli trigger factor, the best-characterized chaperone of this type, together with the structure of its(More)
Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) can efficiently prevent the aggregation of unfolded proteins in vitro. However, how this in vitro activity translates to function in vivo is poorly understood. We demonstrate that sHsps of Escherichia coli, IbpA and IbpB, co-operate with ClpB and the DnaK system in vitro and in vivo, forming a functional triade of(More)
The yeast Hsp70/40 system SSB-RAC (stress 70 B-ribosome-associated complex) binds to ribosomes and contacts nascent polypeptides to assist cotranslational folding. In this study, we demonstrate that nascent polypeptide-associated complex (NAC), another ribosome-tethered system, is functionally connected to SSB-RAC and the cytosolic Hsp70 network.(More)
During translation, the first encounter of nascent polypeptides is with the ribosome-associated chaperones that assist the folding process--a principle that seems to be conserved in evolution. In Escherichia coli, the ribosome-bound Trigger Factor chaperones the folding of cytosolic proteins by interacting with nascent polypeptides. Here we identify a(More)
Ribosome-associated Trigger Factor (TF) and the DnaK chaperone system assist the folding of newly synthesized proteins in Escherichia coli. Here, we show that DnaK and TF share a common substrate pool in vivo. In TF-deficient cells, deltatig, depleted for DnaK and DnaJ the amount of aggregated proteins increases with increasing temperature, amounting to 10%(More)
De novo protein folding is delicate and error-prone and requires the guidance of molecular chaperones. Besides cytosolic and organelle-specific chaperones, cells have evolved ribosome-associated chaperones that support early folding events and prevent misfolding and aggregation. This class of chaperones includes the bacterial trigger factor (TF), the(More)
BACKGROUND The overproduction of recombinant proteins in host cells often leads to their misfolding and aggregation. Previous attempts to increase the solubility of recombinant proteins by co-overproduction of individual chaperones were only partially successful. We now assessed the effects of combined overproduction of the functionally cooperating(More)
Escherichia coli trigger factor has prolyl-isomerase and chaperone activities and associates with nascent polypeptide chains. Trigger factor has a binding site on ribosomes, which is a prerequisite for its efficient association with nascent chains and its proposed function as a cotranslational folding catalyst. We set out to identify the domain of trigger(More)