Elke D Eckert

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BACKGROUND Compulsive buying is infrequently described in the psychiatric literature despite suggestions that it may be prevalent. The authors investigated the demographics and phenomenology of this syndrome and assessed psychiatric comorbidity via interviews of both compulsive buyers and normal buyers. METHOD Twenty-four compulsive buyers were compared(More)
The comorbidity of psychiatric diagnoses was examined with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule in 62 women who participated in a 10-year follow-up study of anorexia nervosa. Sixty-two age- and sex-matched controls, their parents, and parents of the anorectic probands were also interviewed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. There was a statistically(More)
OBJECTIVE Anorexia nervosa has been consistently associated with increased mortality, but whether this is true for other types of eating disorders is unclear. The goal of this study was to determine whether anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorder not otherwise specified are associated with increased all-cause mortality or suicide mortality.(More)
The authors present data on 275 patients who met DSM-III criteria for bulimia. The mean age of the patients was 24.8 years, and the average duration of illness was approximately 7 years. These patients reported a variety of abnormal eating-related behaviors: binge eating (100%), self-induced vomiting (88.1%), laxative abuse (60.6%), diuretic abuse (33.1%),(More)
The clinical course and outcome of anorexia nervosa are presented in a 10-year follow-up study of 76 severely ill females with anorexia nervosa who met specific diagnostic criteria and had participated in a well-documented hospital treatment study. Information was obtained on 100% of the subjects. A comprehensive assessment was made in 93% of the living(More)
Thirty-two sets of monozygotic twins reared apart since shortly after birth (31 pairs and one set of triplets; median age at separation was 0.2 years) were interviewed separately and blindly using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for presence of DSM-III Axis I psychiatric disorders and antisocial personality. Because the sample was recruited from a(More)
Characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of bulimia only (N = 46), bulimia with a history of affective disorder (N = 34), and bulimia with a history of substance abuse (N = 34) were compared. Results showed that compared to patients with bulimia only or with bulimia and affective disorders, patients with bulimia and substance abuse experienced a higher(More)
Among the various eating patterns encountered in anorexia nervosa, the occurrence of bulimia (rapid consumption of large amounts of food in a short period of time) is a perplexing phenomenon, because its presence contradicts the common belief that patients with anorexia nervosa are always firm in their abstinence from food. We studied the eating habits of(More)
BACKGROUND The bilateral vagus nerves (Cranial X) provide both afferent and efferent connections between the viscera and the caudal medulla. The afferent branches increasingly are being recognized as providing significant input to the central nervous system for modulation of complex behaviors. In this paper, we review evidence from our laboratory that(More)