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Recent clinical studies using hirudin as anticoagulant have demonstrated that an efficient method to determine the current blood level of hirudin is imperative for exact dose finding and adjustment. Only the exact determination of the hirudin content in blood, performed within a few minutes, prevents overdosage involving side effects or, otherwise, a(More)
A 69-year-old female patient with renal failure developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II (HIT II) two months after starting haemodialysis therapy with heparin as anticoagulant and a 6-week course of thromboembolism prophylaxis with enoxaparin sodium. The platelet count dropped by 50% as compared with initial values and ex vivo platelet aggregation(More)
A new sensitive and precise method for quantitative determination of direct thrombin inhibitors is described, the ecarin chromogenic assay (ECA). Ecarin is used as the specific prothrombin-activating principle. The cleavage of a chromogenic substrate by meizothrombin is inhibited in a concentration-dependent fashion by direct thrombin inhibitors. For the(More)
Recently heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II has been diagnosed more frequently and does not exclude hemodialysis patients. Up to now, recombinant hirudin is the only available anticoagulant showing no immunologic cross reactions with heparin. However, the use of r-hirudin in hemodialysis patients with different degrees of residual renal functions is(More)
BACKGROUND After introducing the specific thrombin inhibitor recombinant hirudin (r-hirudin) into clinical practice in cases of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT, type II) the possibility of its use as an anticoagulant during haemodialysis treatment in HIT II patients is being discussed more frequently. On the one hand, the efficient, safe and routine(More)
The pharmacokinetic properties of r-hirudin were studied in nine patients suffering from different degrees of renal insufficiency. To this end, r-hirudin was administered intravenously at dosages of 0.1 mg/kg. The elimination half-life t1/2 beta was determined in blood plasma and the cumulative r-hirudin excretion in urine was measured over 48 h. In healthy(More)
The snake venom protease ecarin from Echis carinatus was expressed in stable transfected CHO-S cells grown in animal component free cell culture medium. Recombinant ecarin (r-ecarin) was secreted from the suspension adapted Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO-S) host cells as a pro-protein and activation to the mature form of r-ecarin occurred spontaneously during(More)
The ecarin chromogenic assay (ECA) was developed for quantitative determination of direct thrombin inhibitors. As a further development of the ecarin clotting time (ECT), the ECA is based on the same principle, the activation of prothrombin by ecarin a snake venom from Echis carinatus. In the ECA the prothrombin activation products meizothrombin and(More)
BACKGROUND Hirudin selectively inhibits thrombin without cofactors and is eliminated via the kidneys. Recombinant hirudin (r-hi) has a terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) of about 50 to 100 minutes. Coupling of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to r-hi, giving PEG-hirudin (PEG-Hi), prolongs its t1/2 while enhancing efficacy. We looked at the pharmacodynamic and(More)
At this time no practical laboratory method for the measurement of the current functional state of blood platelets is available. A new innovative platelet adhesion assay (PADA) is described here. With only a short time requirement and minimal equipment, the PADA provides quantitative measurements of platelet adhesiveness. Only 0.5 mL of freshly drawn(More)