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A series of studies have reported on the salubrious effects of oxytocin nasal spray on social cognition and behavior in humans, across physiology (e.g., eye gaze, heart rate variability), social cognition (e.g., attention, memory, and appraisal), and behavior (e.g., trust, generosity). Findings suggest the potential of oxytocin nasal spray as a treatment(More)
The present functional magnetic resonance imaging study examined the neural response to familiar and unfamiliar, sport and non-sport environmental sounds in expert and novice athletes. Results revealed differential neural responses dependent on sports expertise. Experts had greater neural activation than novices in focal sensorimotor areas such as the(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer (1, 2) is a well-established treatment modality that uses light excitation of a photosensitive substance to produce oxygen-related cytotoxic intermediates, such as singlet oxygen or free radicals (3, 4). Although PDT is advantageous over other forms of cancer treatments because of its limited side effects, its main(More)
Although the age at which a skill is learned (age of acquisition [AoA]) is one of the most studied predictors of success in domains ranging from language to music, very little work has focused on this factor in sports. In order to uncover how the age at which a skill is learned relates to how athletes cognitively represent that skill, we asked a group of(More)
The present study compared the neural correlates of language processing in children and adult Spanish-English bilinguals. Participants were asked to perform a visual lexical processing task in both Spanish and English while being scanned with fMRI. Both children and adults recruited a similar network of left hemisphere "language" areas and showed similar(More)
Although bilingual language research has increased considerably over the past few decades, there is still much controversy regarding the mechanisms of bilingual language acquisition. The present work aims to provide insights into potential mechanisms of bilingual language learning by utilizing a novel word-learning paradigm in which monolingual and(More)
Bilingual first language learners face unique challenges that may influence the rate and order of early word learning relative to monolinguals. A comparison of the productive vocabularies of 435 children between the ages of 6 months and 7 years-181 of which were bilingual English learners-found that monolinguals learned both English words and all-language(More)
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