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BACKGROUND Most community surveys of the mental health of older people have used fully structured interviews administered by lay interviewers. In this study of an older Brazilian population, the authors investigated the prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders with semistructured interviews administered by a psychiatrist. METHOD A two-phase(More)
AIMS Social phobia in the environment of poverty and major social inequalities, as observed in most developing countries, has received little attention. This population-based study was carried out in a poor community in Brazil (15,000 inhabitants), aiming at determining the prevalence of social phobia and its associated factors. METHOD The Composite(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the validity of previously suggested dimensions underlying the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and differences in associations of these dimensions with sociodemographic and health characteristics in an older Latin-American community sample with low levels of education. DESIGN Secondary analysis of baseline data from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment in an elderly population-based cohort, using several Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) cut-off points recommended by Brazilian authors and to examine the percentile distribution of MMSE scores in the study population. METHOD A total of 1558 subjects aged>60 years (89.4% of the total), living(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of depression in a community with 15 000 inhabitants in Brazil (Bambuí). METHOD The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was applied in a random sample of 1041 residents aged 18+ years. RESULTS The ICD-10 1-month, 1-year and lifetime prevalences of depression were 8.2% (95% CI:6.5-9.8), 10.0% (95%(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of Chagas' disease is decreasing in Brazil. Due to cohort effect, the disease might remain a public health problem for some time among older individuals. The present burden of Trypanosoma cruzi infection for the elderly living in areas where the transmission has been interrupted has not been studied. METHODS The prevalence of T.(More)
A estrutura da auto-avaliação da saúde entre idosos: projeto Bambuí The structure of self-rated health among older adults: the Bambuí health and ageing study (BHAS) Descritores Envelhecimento. Idoso, fatores socioeconômicos. Hábitos. Condições de vida. Condições de saúde. Acesso aos serviços de saúde. Auto-avaliação da saúde. Métodos Dos 1.742 idosos (≥60(More)
BACKGROUND Two-phase diagnostic surveys are popular in psychiatric epidemiology. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) are commonly used to screen in older and younger populations, respectively. METHOD In Phase I, in this Brazilian population-based study, we screened 392 participants aged >or= 75 years. In Phase(More)
Desigualdade social e saúde entre idosos brasileiros: um estudo baseado na Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios Socioeconomic circumstances and health among the brazilian elderly: a study using data from a National Household Survey Abstract The influence of socioeconomic circumstances on senior citizens' health is still controversial. We used data(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe, for the first time in Brazil, the prevalence of risk factors and the use of preventive health care services among adults 60 years and older. METHODS This population-based study was conducted during 1996-1997 in the state of Minas Gerais, in the town of Bambuí, which is located in the municipality of the same name. In 1996 the town(More)