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BACKGROUND Most community surveys of the mental health of older people have used fully structured interviews administered by lay interviewers. In this study of an older Brazilian population, the authors investigated the prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders with semistructured interviews administered by a psychiatrist. METHOD A two-phase(More)
AIMS Social phobia in the environment of poverty and major social inequalities, as observed in most developing countries, has received little attention. This population-based study was carried out in a poor community in Brazil (15,000 inhabitants), aiming at determining the prevalence of social phobia and its associated factors. METHOD The Composite(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the validity of previously suggested dimensions underlying the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and differences in associations of these dimensions with sociodemographic and health characteristics in an older Latin-American community sample with low levels of education. DESIGN Secondary analysis of baseline data from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment in an elderly population-based cohort, using several Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) cut-off points recommended by Brazilian authors and to examine the percentile distribution of MMSE scores in the study population. METHOD A total of 1558 subjects aged>60 years (89.4% of the total), living(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to determine the correlation and agreement between the Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clock Drawing Test (CDT), administered and scored using Shulman's method (2000), in elderly Brazilian adults with very low levels of formal education. METHODS CDT and MMSE tests, performed by a sample of 1118 elderly subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Reliability should be considered when selecting a scoring system since it influences validity. CDT reliability has rarely been assessed in population based studies and in developing countries. The aim of the present study was to determine intra and inter-rater reliabilities of the CDT scored by the Shulman (2000) method, in elderly with very low(More)
BACKGROUND Two-phase diagnostic surveys are popular in psychiatric epidemiology. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) are commonly used to screen in older and younger populations, respectively. METHOD In Phase I, in this Brazilian population-based study, we screened 392 participants aged >or= 75 years. In Phase(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of depression in a community with 15 000 inhabitants in Brazil (Bambuí). METHOD The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was applied in a random sample of 1041 residents aged 18+ years. RESULTS The ICD-10 1-month, 1-year and lifetime prevalences of depression were 8.2% (95% CI:6.5-9.8), 10.0% (95%(More)
BACKGROUND Limited clinical data suggest that chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection, which causes Chagas' disease (ChD), is associated with cognitive impairment. This study investigated this association in a large population-based sample of older adults. METHODS Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised 1,449 persons aged > or = 60 years from a(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of socio-economic conditions on covariates of depression has received little attention. AIMS Examine whether prevalence and covariates of depressive symptoms are affected by socio-economic circumstances. METHODS Participants were 1,499 (86%) residents in Bambuí city, Brazil, aged ->- 60 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed(More)