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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of depression in a community with 15 000 inhabitants in Brazil (Bambuí). METHOD The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was applied in a random sample of 1041 residents aged 18+ years. RESULTS The ICD-10 1-month, 1-year and lifetime prevalences of depression were 8.2% (95% CI:6.5-9.8), 10.0% (95%(More)
AIMS Social phobia in the environment of poverty and major social inequalities, as observed in most developing countries, has received little attention. This population-based study was carried out in a poor community in Brazil (15,000 inhabitants), aiming at determining the prevalence of social phobia and its associated factors. METHOD The Composite(More)
BACKGROUND Most community surveys of the mental health of older people have used fully structured interviews administered by lay interviewers. In this study of an older Brazilian population, the authors investigated the prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders with semistructured interviews administered by a psychiatrist. METHOD A two-phase(More)
The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with cognitive functioning in community-dwelling older adults with low schooling. 1,588 subjects residing in Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and aged > 60 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression was used to assess associations between exploratory(More)
BACKGROUND Limited clinical data suggest that chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection, which causes Chagas' disease (ChD), is associated with cognitive impairment. This study investigated this association in a large population-based sample of older adults. METHODS Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised 1,449 persons aged > or = 60 years from a(More)
Representations related to self-medication were investigated, seeking to identify contextual elements that can reinforce or inhibit such practice. An anthropological approach based on the model of signs, meanings, and actions was used. Twenty-nine inhabitants from the town of Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, were interviewed (17 women and 12 men),(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the validity of previously suggested dimensions underlying the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and differences in associations of these dimensions with sociodemographic and health characteristics in an older Latin-American community sample with low levels of education. DESIGN Secondary analysis of baseline data from a(More)
An anthropological approach was employed to investigate the universe of representations (ways of thinking) and behaviors (ways of acting) associated with Chagas disease in a group of public service workers in Belo Horizonte (both infected and not infected with Trypanosoma cruzi). An attempt was also made to evaluate the repercussions of this universe of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment in an elderly population-based cohort, using several Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) cut-off points recommended by Brazilian authors and to examine the percentile distribution of MMSE scores in the study population. METHOD A total of 1558 subjects aged>60 years (89.4% of the total), living(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics associated with benzodiazepine use among community-dwelling older adults. METHOD 1606 subjects, aged > 60 years, corresponding to 92% of the residents of Bambuí city, participated in this study. The information about medication use was obtained by means of a standard interview and(More)