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Three rapid spectroscopic approaches for whole-organism fingerprinting-pyrolysis mass spectrometry (PyMS), Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR) and dispersive Raman microscopy--were used to analyse a group of 59 clinical bacterial isolates associated with urinary tract infection. Direct visual analysis of these spectra was not possible,(More)
Two rapid spectroscopic approaches for whole-organism fingerprinting of pyrolysis-mass spectrometry (PyMS) and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were used to analyze a group of 29 clinical and reference Candida isolates. These strains had been identified by conventional means as belonging to one of the three species Candida albicans, C.(More)
Thirty-six strains of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria confirmed by polyphasic taxonomic methods to belong to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus subtilis (including Bacillus niger and Bacillus globigii), Bacillus sphaericus, and Brevi laterosporus were grown axenically on nutrient agar, and(More)
Diffuse reflectance-absorbance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to analyse 19 hospital isolates which had been identified by conventional means to one Enterococcus faecalis, E. faecium, Streptococcus bovis, S. mitis, S. pneumoniae, or S. pyogenes. Principal components analysis of the FT-IR spectra showed that this 'unsupervised'(More)
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to obtain 'biochemical fingerprints' for the constitution of follicular fluids from large and small antral luteinized follicles (n = 54 pairs). All samples gave reproducible characteristic biological infrared absorption spectra, with recognizable amide I protein vibrations and acyl vibrations from(More)
Two rapid spectroscopic approaches for whole-organism fingerprinting--pyrolysis mass spectrometry (PyMS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)--were used to analyse 22 production brewery Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. Multivariate discriminant analysis of the spectral data was then performed to observe relationships between the 22 isolates.(More)
There are an increasing number of instrumental methods for obtaining data from biochemical processes, many of which now provide information on many (indeed many hundreds) of variables simultaneously. The wealth of data that these methods provide, however, is useless without the means to extract the required information. As instruments advance, and the(More)
Pyrolysis mass spectrometry (PyMS) and multivariate calibration were used to show the high degree of relatedness between Escherichia coli HB101 and E. coli UB5201. Next, binary mixtures of these two phenotypically closely related E. coli strains were prepared and subjected to PyMS. Fully interconnected feedforward artificial neural networks (ANNs) were used(More)
Clerkship education has been called a 'black box' because so little is known about what, how, and under which conditions students learn. Our aim was to develop a blueprint for education in ambulatory and inpatient settings, and in single encounters, traditional rotations, or longitudinal experiences. We identified 548 causal links between conditions,(More)