Elizabeth T Le

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BACKGROUND We hypothesized that increased myocardial oxygen demand resulting from hypotension and reflex tachycardia unmasking a reduced endocardial myocardial blood flow (MBF) reserve is the mechanism of dipyridamole-induced regional dysfunction in chronic coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Ameroid constrictors were placed around the proximal(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) to quantify renal tissue perfusion. BACKGROUND The kinetics of tracers used to assess renal perfusion are often complicated by countercurrent exchange, tubular transport or glomerular filtration. We hypothesized that, because gas-filled microbubbles are(More)
Although regional myocardial perfusion can be currently quantified with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) by using intermittent harmonic imaging (IHI), the method is tedious and time-consuming in the clinical setting. We hypothesized that regional myocardial perfusion can be quantified and the severity of coronary stenosis determined during(More)
OBJECTIVE Treg cells oppose autoreactive responses in several autoimmune diseases, and their frequency is reduced in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In murine lupus models, treatment with anti-DNA Ig-based peptides can expand the number of Treg cells in vivo. This study was undertaken to test the possibility that functional human Treg cells can be(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that handheld ultrasound (HHU) provides a more accurate diagnosis than physical examination in patients with suspected cardiovascular abnormalities and that its use thus reduces additional testing and overall costs. BACKGROUND Despite the limitations of physical examination and the(More)
Reversible perfusion defects on (99m)Tc-sestamibi imaging during hyperemia are thought to occur due to myocardial blood flow (MBF) "mismatch" between regions with and without stenosis. We have recently shown that myocardial blood volume (MBV) distal to a stenosis decreases during hyperemia, resulting in a reversible perfusion defect on myocardial contrast(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, the detection of noncritical coronary stenoses requires some form of stress. We hypothesized that these stenoses can be detected at rest without recourse to stress by assessing adaptive changes that occur distally in the microcirculation. METHODS AND RESULTS Phasic changes in myocardial video intensity (VI) were measured at rest with(More)
Herein we describe the case of a man who was diagnosed as having relapsing polychondritis (RP) when he was 18 years of age and was treated over the course of 2 years with numerous immunosuppressive agents, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) inhibitors. His respiratory symptoms were refractory to treatment. Serum and urine samples were obtained(More)
In chronic coronary artery disease, resting myocardial dysfunction can exist despite normal resting transmural myocardial blood flow (MBF). We hypothesized that this phenomenon occurs because of diminished endocardial MBF reserve. MBF (measured with radiolabeled microspheres) and wall thickening (WT) (measured with echocardiography) were assessed in 7 dogs(More)
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