Elizabeth T. H. Fontham

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BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori infection induces progressive inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa that may lead to gastric cancer. Understanding long term effects resulting from the cure of this infection is needed to design cancer prevention strategies. METHODS A cohort of 795 adults with preneoplastic gastric lesions was randomised to receive(More)
A hospital-based, incident case-control study of pancreatic cancer was conducted between 1979 and 1983 in parallel with similarly designed studies of lung and stomach cancers in high-risk areas of Louisiana. To evaluate life-style practices, including diet, the authors pooled controls from the three studies, and then excluded subjects with diet-altering(More)
IMPORTANCE Breast cancer is a leading cause of premature mortality among US women. Early detection has been shown to be associated with reduced breast cancer morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE To update the American Cancer Society (ACS) 2003 breast cancer screening guideline for women at average risk for breast cancer. PROCESS The ACS commissioned a(More)
Findings from the National Cancer Institute's National Lung Screening Trial established that lung cancer mortality in specific high-risk groups can be reduced by annual screening with low-dose computed tomography. These findings indicate that the adoption of lung cancer screening could save many lives. Based on the results of the National Lung Screening(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms of interleukin-1B (IL1B) and its receptor antagonist (IL1RN) genes have been inconsistently associated with gastric cancer risk. We examined these associations by performing meta-analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-five studies testing the association between IL1B and/or IL1RN gene polymorphisms and gastric cancer were(More)
Occupational data from 5 case-control studies in the United States involving 2,973 male cases and 3,210 controls were analyzed to estimate the percentage of lung cancer attributable to well-known and suspected lung carcinogens. The studies were conducted in areas heterogeneous in terms of industrial activities. The percentage of lung cancers attributable to(More)
The association between employment in motor exhaust-related occupations and the risk for lung cancer was examined in 2,291 male cases of lung cancer and 2,570 controls in data pooled from three U.S. case control studies carried out by the National Cancer Institute between 1976 and 1983. Most analyses were limited to subjects providing direct, in-person(More)
In an attempt to characterize the natural history of the gastric precancerous process, 1422 residents of a high risk area of Nariño, Columbia, have been followed from 3-16 years (average 5.1) with repeated gastric biopsies, for a total of 7290 person-years. The original cohort consisted of 1788 individuals yielding a successful completion rate of 79.5%.(More)