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Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) classification is useful for the diagnosis and prognosis of critical pathophysiological conditions, with the ability to identify patients with abnormally high or low SVR of immense clinical value. In this study, a supervised classifier, based on Bayes' rule, is employed to classify a heterogeneous group of intensive care(More)
OBJECTIVE Numerous calculations routinely used in the intensive care require the knowledge of patients' weight and height, although these measurements are not always made. Estimates by doctors or nurses are often substituted. This study sought to ascertain the accuracy of estimates of weight and height of patients made by intensive care unit (ICU) staff. (More)
Two strains of Escherichia coli were inhibited by complement-inactivated cow serum and to a lesser extent by precolostral calf serum devoid of specific antibodies. They were not inhibited by undiluted colostral whey or milk but colostral whey became bacteriostatic after dialysis or dilution in Kolmer saline and addition of precolostral calf serum or(More)
OBJECTIVES Early identification of haemorrhage is difficult when a bleeding site is not apparent. This study explored the potential use of the finger photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform derived left ventricular ejection time (LVET(p)) and pulse transit time (PTT) for detecting blood loss, by using blood donation as a model of controlled mild to moderate(More)
Low systemic vascular resistance (SVR) can be a useful indicator for early diagnosis of critical pathophysiological conditions such as sepsis, and the ability to identify low SVR from simple and noninvasive physiological signals is of immense clinical value. In this study, an SVR classification system is presented to recognize the occurrence of low SVR,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) are two important parameters of the cardiovascular system. The ability to measure these parameters continuously and noninvasively may assist in diagnosing and monitoring patients with suspected cardiovascular diseases, or other critical illnesses. In this study, a method is proposed to(More)
Low frequency variability in the fingertip photoplethysmogram (PPG) waveform has been utilized for inferring sympathetic vascular control, but its relationship with a quantitative measure of vascular tone has not been established. In this study, we examined the association between fingertip PPG waveform variability (PPGV) and systemic vascular resistance(More)
OBJECTIVE Slow fluctuations in cardiovascular signals such as heart rate variability (HRV) are believed to carry important clinical information. This study investigated whether frequency spectrum analysis of the finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability (PPGV) could characterize a hypovolaemic response by using a blood donation as a model of(More)
BACKGROUND Pain control for paediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy remains problematic. Tramadol is reported to be an effective analgesic and to have a side-effect profile similar to morphine, but is currently not licensed for paediatric use in the UK. METHODS We conducted a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial in children who were(More)