Elizabeth Sandra Lewkowicz

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Modified nucleosides can be prepared by microbial transglycosylation from cheaper nucleoside precursors using free or immobilised whole cells. An efficient screening method to find transglycosylation activity in␣microorganisms was developed for the synthesis of 6-modified purine nucleosides, such as 6-chloro-, 6-methoxy-, 6-iodo- and 6-mercaptopurine(More)
Different supports, such as alginate, agar, agarose, and polyacrylamide, were used to immobilize Escherichia coli BL 21 by entrapment techniques. The transglycosylation reaction involved in the synthesis of adenosine from uridine and adenine was chosen as a model system to study the characteristics of these biocatalysts. Whole cells immobilized on agarose(More)
Nucleosides are valuable bioactive molecules, which display antiviral and antitumour activities. Diverse types of prodrugs are designed to enhance their therapeutic efficacy, however this strategy faces the troublesome selectivity issues of nucleoside chemistry. In this context, the aim of this review is to give an overview of the opportunities provided by(More)
Biocatalytic procedures offer a good alternative to the chemical synthesis of nucleosides since biocatalyzed reactions are regio- and stereoselective and afford reduced by-products contents. Among them, enzymatic transglycosylation between a pyrimidine nucleoside and a purine base catalyzed by nucleoside phosphorylases or microorganisms that contain them,(More)
2-deoxyribose 5-phosphate (DR5P) is a key intermediate in the biocatalyzed preparation of deoxyribonucleosides. Therefore, DR5P production by means of simpler, cleaner, and economic pathways becomes highly interesting. One strategy involves the use of bacterial whole cells containing DR5P aldolase as biocatalyst for the aldol addition between acetaldehyde(More)
Unlike the preparation of other purine nucleosides, transglycosylation from a pyrimidine nucleoside and guanine is difficult because of the low solubility of this base. Thus, another strategy, based on the coupled action of two whole cell biocatalyzed reactions, transglycosylation and deamination, was used. Enterobacter gergoviae and Arthrobacter oxydans(More)
Enzymatic hydrolysis of acetylated nucleosides using microbial whole cells has been carried out for the first time. Unlike Candida antarctica B lipase-catalysed alcoholysis, none of the tested microorganisms displayed a common deacetylation profile. Depending on the substrate and the biocatalyst used, 5′-selective deprotection or mixtures of mono(More)
Deaminases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of amino groups of nucleosides or their bases. Because these enzymes play important roles in nucleotide metabolism, they are relevant targets in anticancer and antibacterial therapies. Mammalian deaminases are commercially available but the use of bacterial whole cells, especially as biocatalysts, is(More)
Aromatic carboxylic acids are readily obtained from lignin in biomass processing facilities. However, efficient technologies for lignin valorization are missing. In this work, a microbial screening was conducted to find versatile biocatalysts capable of transforming several benzoic acids structurally related to lignin, employing vanillic acid as model(More)