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A soluble genus-specific chlamydial antigen has been isolated from the supernatants of cultures infected with Chlamydia trachomatis and from other sources. The antigen is a glycolipid that is secreted during the infective cycle. This exoglycolipid can be hydrolysed and fractionated into polysaccharide and lipid components. Both fractions retain antigenic(More)
Obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens of the genus Chlamydia are reported to enter host cells by both clathrin-dependent and clathrin-independent processes. C. trachomatis serovar K recently was shown to enter cells via caveolae-like lipid raft domains. We asked here how widespread raft-mediated entry might be among the Chlamydia. We show that C.(More)
A chlamydial glycolipid antigen (GLXA) is shed into the medium of C. trachomatis-infected cell cultures. This study screened monoclonal antibodies (mAb), prepared in different laboratories by immunization with embryonated egg propagated elementary bodies (EB), for their ability to bind with infected cells and to react with purified GLXA isolated from(More)
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) cellular inclusions consist of polyesters, phospholipids, and proteins. Both the polymerase and the depolymerase enzymes are active components of the structure. Recently, proteins associated with these inclusions have been described in a number of bacterial species. In order to further clarify the structure and function of these(More)
Despite more than three decades of anti-chlamydial vaccine research and improved vaccine strategies with new technologies, no vaccine candidate has protected against heterologous challenge, nor at more than one site of infection. The majority of experimental anti-chlamydial vaccines to date have targeted the chlamydial major outer membrane protein (MOMP).(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) and Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) are medically significant infectious agents associated with various chronic human pathologies. Nevertheless, specific roles in disease progression or initiation are incompletely defined. Both pathogens infect established cell lines in vitro and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has detected(More)
In the morphogenesis of embryonic feather germs the formation of dermal cell groupings is associated with the development of a highly regular pattern of birefringence in the dermis. This birefringence is due to a lattice-like system of collagenous tracts along which dermal cells become progressively aligned and grouped in regularly spaced sites. The(More)
When polyhydroxyoctanoate (PHO) was produced by Pseudomonas oleovorans during a regimen of intermittent feeding on octanoic acid, there was a significant change in both the polymer associated proteins and the composition of the enclosed polymer. The polymer granules were isolated with their protein coat intact and the enzymatic hydrolysis of the polymer(More)
Microbial poly-3-hydroxyoctanoate inclusion bodies produced by Pseudomonas oleovorans when grown on n-octanoic acid, are complex macromolecular structures consisting of polyester, organized paracrystalline lattice arrays and lipids. While it is known that the polymer in the granules maintains its native, amorphous state while it is surrounded by the(More)