Elizabeth S. Stuart

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A soluble genus-specific chlamydial antigen has been isolated from the supernatants of cultures infected with Chlamydia trachomatis and from other sources. The antigen is a glycolipid that is secreted during the infective cycle. This exoglycolipid can be hydrolysed and fractionated into polysaccharide and lipid components. Both fractions retain antigenic(More)
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) cellular inclusions consist of polyesters, phospholipids, and proteins. Both the polymerase and the depolymerase enzymes are active components of the structure. Recently, proteins associated with these inclusions have been described in a number of bacterial species. In order to further clarify the structure and function of these(More)
A presentation vehicle was developed based on particulate gas vesicles produced by halophilic archaea. Gas vesicle epitope displays were prepared using standard coupling methods or recombinant DNA technology. When presented in the context of gas vesicle preparations, either the hapten, TNP, or a model six amino acid recombinant insert in the outer gas(More)
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) granule associated proteins from Pseudomonas oleovorans were purified and the N-terminal sequences of two major proteins migrating in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels with a relative molecular mass of 18 and 43 kDa (GA1 and GA2, respectively) were analyzed. Radiolabeled degenerate probes deduced from these amino acid(More)
A chlamydial glycolipid antigen (GLXA) is shed into the medium of C. trachomatis-infected cell cultures. This study screened monoclonal antibodies (mAb), prepared in different laboratories by immunization with embryonated egg propagated elementary bodies (EB), for their ability to bind with infected cells and to react with purified GLXA isolated from(More)
The mechanism by which the intracellular bacterial pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis enters eukaryotic cells is poorly understood. There are conflicting reports of entry occurring by clathrin-dependent and clathrin-independent processes. We report here that C. trachomatis serovar K enters HEp-2 and HeLa 229 epithelial cells and J-774A.1 mouse(More)
Despite more than three decades of anti-chlamydial vaccine research and improved vaccine strategies with new technologies, no vaccine candidate has protected against heterologous challenge, nor at more than one site of infection. The majority of experimental anti-chlamydial vaccines to date have targeted the chlamydial major outer membrane protein (MOMP).(More)
In earlier studies we demonstrated recombinant gas vesicles from Halobacterium sp. NRC-1, expressing a model six amino acid insert, or native vesicles displaying chemically coupled TNP, each were immunogenic, and antigenic. Long-lived responses displaying immunologic memory were elicited without exogenous adjuvant. Here we report the generation and(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid raft domains form in plasma membranes of eukaryotic cells by the tight packing of glycosphingolipids and cholesterol. Caveolae are invaginated structures that form in lipid raft domains when the protein caveolin-1 is expressed. The Chlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens that replicate entirely within inclusions that(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicated that recombinant gas vesicles (r-GV) from a mutant strain of Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 could express a cassette containing test sequences of SIVmac gag derived DNA, and function as an antigen display/delivery system. Tests using mice indicated that the humoral immune response to the gag encoded sequences evoked(More)