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Pineal melatonin concentrations exhibited a marked diurnal rhythmicity in gold hamsters maintained in a light-dark cycle of 15 h of light and 10 h of darkness. When tissue was collected at 3-h intervals throughout a 24-h period, daytime levels of 95--232 pg/pineal gland rose to concentrations of 760--1335 pg/pineal gland (P greater than 0.001 vs. all other(More)
Pineal serotonin N-acetyltransferase activity (NAT) and melatonin concentrations were determined at various intervals in prepubertal (35 days old) and adult male hamsters (74 day old) throughout a 24 hour period with the animals kept in a light:dark cycle of 6:18 (lights on at 0600 h and off at 1200 h). In prepubertal animals, daytime pineal NAT activity of(More)
A 2-h nonisotopic DNA probe assay for the direct detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in urogenital specimens has recently been modified (PACE 2; Gen-Probe, San Diego, Calif.). The new assay format was developed to increase the sensitivity of the assay and simplify procedural steps. In this study, the new DNA probe test was compared with a culture reference(More)
N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, melatonin, is synthesized within and secreted from the pineal gland. Although the concentration of this constituent in the blood is diminished after surgical removal of the pineal gland it does not completely disappear. Other potential contributors to blood titers of melatonin include the retinas, the Harderian glands and the(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates pulmonary macrophages from BCG immune-rechallenged hamsters to kill tumor cells in vitro. However, pulmonary macrophages from BCG immune and from untreated hamsters cannot be activated for tumor cytotoxicity by in vitro treatment with LPS. Pulmonary macrophages from the nonimmune hamsters acquire tumoricidal(More)
A deoxyribonucleic acid probe assay (PACE 2, Gen-Probe, San Diego) was compared with a standard tissue culture method for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis endocervical infection in both asymptomatic and symptomatic women. The results of the probe test were expressed as a ratio of relative light units of the specimen per relative light units of the cutoff(More)