Elizabeth Ruth Plummer

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PURPOSE To determine the safety, maximum tolerated dose, pharmacokinetics, and toxicities associated with administration of paclitaxel poliglumex (PPX, XYOTAX, Cell Therapeutics, Inc., Bresso, Italy) given on either 3-weekly or 2-weekly schedule. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Nineteen patients were investigated on the 3-weekly phase Ia study and 11 patients on the(More)
PURPOSE Temozolomide, a DNA methylating agent used to treat melanoma, induces DNA damage, which is repaired by O6-alkylguanine alkyltransferase (ATase) and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1)-dependent base excision repair. The current study was done to define the effect of temozolomide on DNA integrity and relevant repair enzymes as a prelude to a phase(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2), components of the homologous recombination DNA repair (HRR) pathway, are associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancers. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are selectively cytotoxic to animal cells with defective HRR, but results in human cancer cells have been contradictory. We undertook,(More)
Inhibition of the DNA repair enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) has been extensively investigated in the pre-clinical setting as a strategy for chemo- or radio-potentiation. Recent evidence has suggested that PARP inhibitors might be active as single agents in certain rare inherited cancers that carry DNA repair defects. As a result, potent(More)
BACKGROUND Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP) inhibitors (PARPi) exploit tumour-specific defects in homologous recombination DNA repair and continuous dosing is most efficacious. Early clinical trial data with rucaparib suggested that it caused sustained PARP inhibition. Here we investigate the mechanism of this durable inhibition and potential(More)
2566 Background: AT9283, a multitargeted kinase inhibitor, inhibits several closely related tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases with an IC50 of <10 nM including Aurora A and B, JAK and ABL. Exposure of solid tumour cell lines to AT9283 in vitro induces an "aurora inhibitory" phenotype. Cell survival decreases with increased duration of exposure. METHODS(More)
Resistance to temozolomide and radiotherapy is a major problem for patients with glioblastoma but may be overcome using the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor ABT-888. Using two primary glioblastoma xenografts, the efficacy of ABT-888 combined with radiotherapy and/or temozolomide was evaluated. Treatment with ABT-888 combined with temozolomide resulted(More)
BACKGROUND The standard treatment of choice for malignant pleural mesothelioma is chemotherapy with pemetrexed and platinum, but the clinical outcome is poor. This study investigates the response to pemetrexed in a panel of eight mesothelioma cell lines and the clinical outcome for patients treated with pemetrexed in relation to folate receptor alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a DNA-binding enzyme activated by DNA breaks and involved in DNA repair and other cellular processes. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity can be higher in cancer than in adjacent normal tissue, but cancer predisposition is reported to be greater in individuals with a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)(More)
OBJECTIVES In the present study we explore the effects of androgens and anti-androgens on primary cultures of EOC cells. We also investigate the effects of chemotherapy on AR expression. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) arises from ovarian surface epithelial cells (OSE), which express the androgen receptor (AR). Androgen stimulation of OSE cells results in(More)