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BACKGROUND Individuals with leg amputations who use passive prostheses have greater metabolic demands than non-amputees likely due to limited net positive work compared to a biological ankle. New powered ankle-foot prostheses can perform net positive mechanical work to aid push-off capabilities, which may reduce metabolic demands. OBJECTIVES Compare(More)
BACKGROUND Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are commonly prescribed during rehabilitation after limb salvage. AFO stiffness is selected to help mitigate gait deficiencies. A new custom dynamic AFO, the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), is available to injured service members but prescription guidelines are limited. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES In this study(More)
UNLABELLED Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) can provide support and improve walking ability in individuals with plantarflexor weakness. Passive-dynamic AFO stiffness can be optimized for over-ground walking, however little research exists for uphill walking, when plantarflexor contributions are key. PURPOSE Compare uphill walking biomechanics (1) between(More)
BACKGROUND Gait compensations following transtibial amputation negatively affect sound limb loading and increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. Push-off assistance provided by new powered prostheses may decrease the demands on the sound limb. However, their effects in a young population in the early stages of prosthetic use are still unknown. The purpose(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with unilateral transfemoral amputation demonstrate significantly increased rates of osteoarthritis in their sound knee. This increased risk is likely the result of altered knee mechanical loading and gait compensations resulting from limited function in the prosthetic limb. Altered knee loading as calculated using loading rates and(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the repeatability of gait analysis studies performed across multiple trials, sessions, and laboratories. Ten healthy participants (6 male/4 female, mean age of 30, mean BMI of 24kg/m(2)) were assessed in 3 sessions conducted at each of the three Centers of Excellence for Amputee Care within the Department of Defense. For(More)
The metabolic demand of walking generally increases following lower extremity amputation. This study used real-time visual feedback to modify biomechanical factors linked to an elevated metabolic demand of walking in individuals with transtibial amputation. Eight persons with unilateral, traumatic transtibial amputation and 8 uninjured controls(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical advances have substantially improved outcomes for individuals sustaining traumatic lower extremity injury. Injuries once requiring lower limb amputation are now routinely managed with limb reconstruction surgery. However, comparisons of functional outcomes between the procedures are inconclusive. PURPOSE To compare gait biomechanics(More)
The ability to navigate stairs step-over-step is an important functional outcome following severe lower leg injury and is difficult for many patients. Ankle-foot orthoses, such as the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), are often prescribed to improve function. This study compared stair climbing mechanics between IDEO users and able-bodied control(More)
BACKGROUND The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is an ankle-foot orthosis developed to address the high rates of delayed amputation in the military. Its use has enabled many wounded Service Members to run again. During running, stiffness is thought to influence an orthosis' energy storage and return mechanical properties. This study examined the(More)