Elizabeth Rosvold

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Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) has been postulated to be a hepatocarcinogen in humans, possibly by causing p53 mutations at codon 249. AFB1 is metabolized via the phase I and II detoxification pathways; hence, genetic variation at those loci may predict susceptibility to the effects of AFB1. To test this hypothesis, genetic variation in two AFB1 detoxification genes,(More)
CYP1A1 is a gene of the cytochrome P-450 family that has been proposed to be a biomarker of cancer risk. We introduce a polymerase chain reaction-based assay to measure allelic variability in exon 7 of the CYP1A1 gene. This genetic variant is associated with an amino acid change at residue 462 in the aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase protein product. Previously,(More)
p53 alterations were studied in a group of 22 primary squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the head and neck and in 10 cell lines derived from SCC. Positive immunohistochemical detection of p53 was accomplished in 10 of 22 primary tumors and in 7 of 10 SCC cell lines. Loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 17p, were the p53 gene is localized, was seen in five of(More)
The enzyme NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) catalyses bioreduction and bioactivation reactions. A mutation in the NQO1 gene had previously been demonstrated in a cancer cell line with reduced NQO1 activity. In this study, several regions of the NQO1 locus were examined for constitutional variation at the DNA level. The previously described mutation in(More)
We previously reported a 62% response rate and 54% 1-year survival rate for paclitaxel (Taxol; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Princeton, NJ) administered by 24-hour infusion in combination with fixed-dose carboplatin to treat patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Myelosuppression proved dose limiting, but was substantially reduced by the(More)
PURPOSE Phase I study to determine the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of cisplatin (cDDP), paclitaxel (P), and concurrent split course hyperfractionated (BID) RT in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and other upper aerodigestive tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eligibility stipulated ECOG performance status 0-2 and either(More)
The paclitaxel/carboplatin combination has demonstrated promising activity in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC); therefore, we mounted an exploratory study of these agents with thoracic radiation (TRT) in locally advanced NSCLC. Eligibility stipulated a Karnofsky performance status >or= 70%, weight loss <or= 5%, and primarily stage IIIB or bulky(More)
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