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White-rot fungi were studied for the decolorization of 23 industrial dyes. Laccase, manganese peroxidase, lignin peroxidase, and aryl alcohol oxidase activities were determined in crude extracts from solid-state cultures of 16 different fungal strains grown on whole oats. All Pleurotus ostreatus strains exhibited high laccase and manganese peroxidase(More)
aHUS (atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome), AMD (age-related macular degeneration) and other diseases are associated with defective AP (alternative pathway) regulation. CFH (complement factor H), CFI (complement factor I), MCP (membrane cofactor protein) and C3 exhibited the most disease-associated genetic alterations in the AP. Our interactive structural(More)
The highly sulfated polysaccharides heparin and heparan sulfate (HS) play key roles in the regulation of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Despite its importance, no molecular structures of free HS have been reported up to now. By combining analytical ultracentrifugation, small angle x-ray scattering, and constrained scattering modeling(More)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder. Only two pharmacological agents are approved for PTSD treatment, and they often do not address the full range of symptoms nor are they equally effective in all cases. Animal models of PTSD are critical for understanding the neurobiology involved and for identification of novel(More)
Hamsters will spontaneously 'split' and exhibit two rest-activity cycles each day when housed in constant light (LL). The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the locus of a brain clock organizing circadian rhythmicity. In split hamsters, the right and left SCN oscillate 12 h out of phase with each other, and the twice-daily locomotor bouts alternately(More)
The solution structure of complement C3b is crucial for the understanding of complement activation and regulation. C3b is generated by the removal of C3a from C3. Hydrolysis of the C3 thioester produces C3u, an analog of C3b. C3b cleavage results in C3c and C3d (thioester-containing domain; TED). To resolve functional questions in relation to C3b and C3u,(More)
The sub-retinal pigment epithelial deposits that are a hallmark of age-related macular degeneration contain both C3b and millimolar levels of zinc. C3 is the central protein of complement, whereas C3u is formed by the spontaneous hydrolysis of the thioester bridge in C3. During activation, C3 is cleaved to form active C3b, then C3b is inactivated by Factor(More)
Agriculture has been a practice in use for hundreds of years. It provides countless people with sustenance and livelihood all over the world. However, with agriculture, animal farming in particular, comes great risk. Agriculture increases carbon dioxide levels a considerable amount, making it one of the main sources of carbon dioxide emissions for decades.(More)
This paper presents the Integrated System of Formalities (Sistema Único de Información de Trámites, SUIT), which is a single point of information on administrative procedures, from now on called formalities. This system has provided means for reduction of corruption in Colombia, since information about formalities is directly available to(More)
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