Elizabeth Robinson

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We have identified a Y-chromosomal lineage with several unusual features. It was found in 16 populations throughout a large region of Asia, stretching from the Pacific to the Caspian Sea, and was present at high frequency: approximately 8% of the men in this region carry it, and it thus makes up approximately 0.5% of the world total. The pattern of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the long term effectiveness of the "green prescription" programme, a clinician based initiative in general practice that provides counselling on physical activity. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial. Practices were randomised before systematic screening and recruitment of patients. SETTING 42 rural and urban general practices(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the contribution of driver sleepiness to the causes of car crash injuries. DESIGN Population based case control study. SETTING Auckland region of New Zealand, April 1998 to July 1999. PARTICIPANTS 571 car drivers involved in crashes where at least one occupant was admitted to hospital or killed ("injury crash"); 588 car drivers(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is increasing in Western societies. The hygiene hypothesis proposes that this is due to reduced exposure to environmental allergens and infections during early life. OBJECTIVES To examine factors associated with a diagnosis of AD at 3.5 years of age, especially those factors implicated by the hygiene(More)
AIM To assess the cost-effectiveness of the 'Green Prescription' physical activity counselling programme in general practice. METHOD Prospective cost-effectiveness study undertaken as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial with 12-month follow-up of 878 'less-active' patients aged 40-79 years in 42 general practices in the Waikato. The intervention(More)
OBJECTIVE This case-control study determined whether internationally recognized risk factors for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) term babies were applicable in New Zealand. METHODOLOGY All babies were born at 37 or more completed weeks of gestation in one of three hospitals in Auckland. Cases weighed less than the sex specific 10th percentile for(More)
Efforts to understand and support the process of help seeking by victims of intimate partner violence are of considerable urgency if we are to design systems and responses that are capable of actively and appropriately meeting the needs of victims. Using data from the New Zealand Violence Against Women Study, which drew from a representative general(More)
PURPOSE To identify declines in physical functioning, directly attributable to the effects of hip fracture. METHODS A follow-up study of participants in a case-control study was conducted in Auckland, New Zealand, between 1993 and 1996. Nine hundred and eleven randomly selected older people with a hip fracture at the time of the initial interview (cases)(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is capable of revealing synovitis and tendinitis in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as well as bone edema and erosion. These features are visible before radiographic joint damage occurs. We sought to examine whether MRI of one body region (the wrist) can be used to predict whole-body radiography scores reflecting(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Data from renal transplant and rheumatoid arthritis patients suggest that there is an increased risk of malignancy after treatment with azathioprine. Whether this is true for patients with inflammatory bowel disease remains uncertain. METHOD A retrospective review of clinical notes was performed. RESULTS Azathioprine was given to 626(More)