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OBJECTIVE To describe the sexual attractions of New Zealand secondary school students and investigate the associations between sexual attraction and self-reported depression, self-harm, suicidality and help-seeking behaviour. METHOD Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the associations between sexual attraction and depressive symptoms,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the long term effectiveness of the "green prescription" programme, a clinician based initiative in general practice that provides counselling on physical activity. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial. Practices were randomised before systematic screening and recruitment of patients. SETTING 42 rural and urban general practices(More)
BACKGROUND "Mindfulness-based" interventions show promise for stress reduction in general medical conditions, and initial evidence suggests that they are accepted in trauma-exposed individuals. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) shows substantial efficacy for prevention of depression relapse, but it has been less studied in anxiety disorders. This(More)
PURPOSE We wanted to assess the effectiveness of a home-based physical activity program, the Depression in Late Life Intervention Trial of Exercise (DeLLITE), in improving function, quality of life, and mood in older people with depressive symptoms. METHODS We undertook a randomized controlled trial involving 193 people aged 75 years and older with(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the contribution of driver sleepiness to the causes of car crash injuries. DESIGN Population based case control study. SETTING Auckland region of New Zealand, April 1998 to July 1999. PARTICIPANTS 571 car drivers involved in crashes where at least one occupant was admitted to hospital or killed ("injury crash"); 588 car drivers(More)
Efforts to understand and support the process of help seeking by victims of intimate partner violence are of considerable urgency if we are to design systems and responses that are capable of actively and appropriately meeting the needs of victims. Using data from the New Zealand Violence Against Women Study, which drew from a representative general(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the safety and efficacy of a fish oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) in the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA PNALD can be a lethal complication in children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). ILE based on soybean oil administered with parenteral(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were (i) to establish which children with Type 1 diabetes are at risk of intramuscular or intradermal insulin injections and (ii) to determine a needle length and technique that reliably administers insulin into subcutaneous fat. METHODS Seventy-two healthy diabetic children (age 6.3-14.3 years, body mass index standard(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is increasing in Western societies. The hygiene hypothesis proposes that this is due to reduced exposure to environmental allergens and infections during early life. OBJECTIVES To examine factors associated with a diagnosis of AD at 3.5 years of age, especially those factors implicated by the hygiene(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to examine the reliability and validity of the short form of the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS-SF). METHOD A sample of 9567 randomly selected New Zealand secondary school students participated in the Youth2000 Health and Wellbeing Survey that included the full-length version of the RADS. The(More)