Elizabeth R. Gaillard

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To date, no consensus has been reached concerning the age of the earliest onset of age-related cognitive deficits in rodents. Our aim was to develop a behavioral model allowing early and individual detection of age-related cognitive impairments. We tested young (3 months), middle-aged (10 months) and aged (17 months) C57Bl/6 mice in the starmaze, a task(More)
PURPOSE Time and spectrally resolved measurements of autofluorescence have the potential to monitor metabolism at the cellular level. Fluorophores that emit with the same fluorescence intensity can be discriminated from each other by decay time of fluorescence intensity after pulsed excitation. We performed time-resolved autofluorescence measurements on(More)
Alpha crystallin, a small heat-shock protein, has been studied extensively for its chaperone function. Alpha crystallin subunits are expressed in stress conditions and have been found to prevent apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of caspase pathway. Non-enzymatic glycation of protein leads to the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs).(More)
The purpose of the study is to identify the sites of modification when fibronectin reacts with glycolaldehyde or methylglyoxal as a model system for aging of Bruch’s membrane. A synthetic peptide consisting of the α5β1 integrin binding region of fibronectin was incubated with glycolaldehyde for 12 h or with methylglyoxal for 1 h at 37 °C. After tryptic(More)
PURPOSE To obtain a better understanding of oxygen and nutrient transport within the lens, the viscosity of whole lenses was investigated using a fiber optic oxygen sensor (optode). The diffusion coefficient of oxygen was calculated using the Stokes-Einstein equation at the slip boundary condition. METHODS The optode was used to measure the oxygen decay(More)
BACKGROUND The Retinal Pigmented Epithelium (RPE) is juxtaposed with the photoreceptor outer segments of the eye. The proximity of the photoreceptor cells is a prerequisite for their survival, as they depend on the RPE to remove the outer segments and are also influenced by RPE cell paracrine factors. RPE cell death can cause a progressive loss of(More)
The RPE65 protein is located in the retinal pigment epithelial cells and plays an important role in the visual cycle. Although numerous experimental results demonstrate that it participates in the visual cycle, its detailed structure and function are not clear yet because of difficulties in isolation and crystallization. This paper describes a computational(More)
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