Elizabeth R. Gaillard

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PURPOSE To quantitate aging of the primate lens by changes in the absorption characteristics that are related to the yellowing of lens protein. METHODS The lenses of lower primates and humans were sectioned anterior to posterior every 0.25 mm, and the UV-visible spectrum of each section was measured to determine the cumulative spectra along the visual(More)
PURPOSE Time and spectrally resolved measurements of autofluorescence have the potential to monitor metabolism at the cellular level. Fluorophores that emit with the same fluorescence intensity can be discriminated from each other by decay time of fluorescence intensity after pulsed excitation. We performed time-resolved autofluorescence measurements on(More)
PURPOSE We have shown previously that aging of human Bruch's membrane affects the attachment, survival and gene expression profile of the overlying retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Herein we determine the effects of Bruch's membrane aging on RPE phagocytosis of rod outer segments. METHODS Explants of human Bruch's membrane were prepared from cadaver(More)
Alpha crystallin, a small heat-shock protein, has been studied extensively for its chaperone function. Alpha crystallin subunits are expressed in stress conditions and have been found to prevent apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of caspase pathway. Non-enzymatic glycation of protein leads to the formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs).(More)
The purpose of the study is to identify the sites of modification when fibronectin reacts with glycolaldehyde or methylglyoxal as a model system for aging of Bruch’s membrane. A synthetic peptide consisting of the α5β1 integrin binding region of fibronectin was incubated with glycolaldehyde for 12 h or with methylglyoxal for 1 h at 37 °C. After tryptic(More)
PURPOSE To obtain a better understanding of oxygen and nutrient transport within the lens, the viscosity of whole lenses was investigated using a fiber optic oxygen sensor (optode). The diffusion coefficient of oxygen was calculated using the Stokes-Einstein equation at the slip boundary condition. METHODS The optode was used to measure the oxygen decay(More)
The RPE65 protein is located in the retinal pigment epithelial cells and plays an important role in the visual cycle. Although numerous experimental results demonstrate that it participates in the visual cycle, its detailed structure and function are not clear yet because of difficulties in isolation and crystallization. This paper describes a computational(More)
BACKGROUND The Retinal Pigmented Epithelium (RPE) is juxtaposed with the photoreceptor outer segments of the eye. The proximity of the photoreceptor cells is a prerequisite for their survival, as they depend on the RPE to remove the outer segments and are also influenced by RPE cell paracrine factors. RPE cell death can cause a progressive loss of(More)
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