Elizabeth P Stout

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During recent decades, many tropical reefs have transitioned from coral to macroalgal dominance. These community shifts increase the frequency of algal-coral interactions and may suppress coral recovery following both anthropogenic and natural disturbance. However, the extent to which macroalgae damage corals directly, the mechanisms involved, and the(More)
Organism surfaces represent signaling sites for attraction of allies and defense against enemies. However, our understanding of these signals has been impeded by methodological limitations that have precluded direct fine-scale evaluation of compounds on native surfaces. Here, we asked whether natural products from the red macroalga Callophycus serratus act(More)
Two novel alpha-pyrone macrolides, neurymenolides A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the Fijian red alga Neurymenia fraxinifolia and characterized using a combination of NMR and mass spectral analyses. These molecules represent only the second example of alpha-pyrone macrolides, with 1 existing as interchanging atropisomers due to restricted rotation about(More)
Four new bromophycolides, R-U (1-4), were isolated from the Fijian red alga Callophycus serratus and were identified by 1D and 2D NMR and mass spectroscopic analyses. These compounds expand the known structural variety of diterpene-benzoate macrolides and exhibited modest cytotoxicity toward selected human cancer cell lines. Bromophycolide S (2) also showed(More)
Bromophycolides J-Q (1-8) were isolated from extracts of the Fijian red alga Callophycus serratus and identified with 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and mass spectral analyses. These diterpene-benzoate macrolides represent two novel carbon skeletons and add to the 10 previously reported bromophycolides (9-18) from this alga. Among these 18 bromophycolides,(More)
Callophycoic acids A-H (1-8) and callophycols A and B (9 and 10) were isolated from extracts of the Fijian red alga Callophycus serratus, and identified by NMR, X-ray, and mass spectral analyses. These natural products represent four novel carbon skeletons, providing the first examples of diterpene-benzoic acids and diterpene-phenols in macroalgae.(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common lymphoid neoplasia in Western societies and is currently incurable. Multiple treatment options are practiced, but the available small molecule drugs suffer from dose-limiting toxicity and undesirable side effects. The need for new, less toxic treatments is a pressing concern. Here, we demonstrate that(More)
Chemical cues regulate key ecological interactions in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. They are particularly important in terrestrial plant-herbivore interactions, where they mediate both herbivore foraging and plant defense. Although well described for terrestrial interactions, the identity and ecological importance of herbivore foraging cues in marine(More)
Three new diterpene alkaloids - the hypotaurocyamines, (-)-agelasidines E and F (5-6), and the adeninium salt, agelasine N (9) - were isolated from the Caribbean sponge Agelas citrina along with six known natural products agelasines B-E (7, 10-12), 2-oxo-agelasine B (8), and (-)-agelasidine C (3). The chemical structures of 5, 6 and 9 were elucidated by(More)