Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci

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PURPOSE To conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the predictive validity of the MCAT on medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations. METHOD The authors included all peer-reviewed published studies reporting empirical data on the relationship between MCAT scores and medical school performance or medical board(More)
A meta-analysis of the published research on the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) was undertaken for 6 outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide, sexual promiscuity, victim-perpetrator cycle, and poor academic performance. Thirty-seven studies published between 1981 and 1995 involving 25,367 people were included. Many of the(More)
Individuals with a first-degree family history of colorectal cancer (CRC) are at increased risk of CRC. Study objectives were: (1) to estimate the proportion of first-degree relatives (FDR) of CRC patients being screened for CRC and (2) to identify predictors of screened behavior. A questionnaire was mailed to 640 stage I–III CRC patients from a(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is no clear consensus about the process of screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), there are six common risk factors associated with DDH in patients less than 6 months of age (breech presentation, sex, family history, first-born, side of hip, and mode of delivery). METHODS A meta-analysis of published studies was(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics and the outcomes of primary colorectal lymphomas using a population-based registry. All cases of colorectal lymphoma diagnosed between 1980 and 2007 were identified using a provincial cancer registry. Patients meeting Dawson’s criteria and having a negative bone marrow biopsy were included.(More)
BACKGROUND The literature comparing open and arthroscopic repair for glenohumeral instability is conflicting. We performed a prospective, expertise-based, randomized clinical trial to compare open shoulder stabilization with arthroscopic shoulder stabilization by measuring quality-of-life outcomes and recurrence rates at two years among patients treated for(More)
The present study is a meta-analysis of the published research on the effects of corporal punishment on affective, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. The authors included 70 studies published between 1961 and 2000 and involving 47,751 people. Most of the studies were published between 1990 and 2000 (i.e., 53 or 68%) and were conducted in the United States(More)
BACKGROUND Although the reliability of admission interviews has been improved through the use of objective and structured approaches, there still remains the issue of identifying and measuring relevant attributes or noncognitive domains of interest. In this present study, we use generalizability theory to determine the estimated variance associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency technology for shoulder instability was rapidly adopted despite limited clinical evidence and a poor understanding of its indications. Reports of serious adverse events followed, leading to its abandonment. This paper presents findings from a multicenter randomized clinical trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of electrothermal(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study is a series of thoracic and lumbar spine fracture cases to assess the reliability of thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) in simulated clinical scenarios. OBJECTIVE To determine the inter- and intraobserver reliability of TLICS compared with the Denis classification system, and to assess differences based(More)