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The present study determined first the dose-response (0.5 to 10 mg.kg-1) to daily oral administration of S-20098, a melatonin agonist, in entraining circadian rhythms of rats free-running in constant darkness; second, the relation between entrainment and the plasma concentration of S-20098. Finally, responses to 8 mg.kg-1 of S-20098 were compared with those(More)
We studied the effects of drugs related to melatonin on neuronal firing activity in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, intergeniculate leaflet and other brain areas in urethane-anesthetized Syrian hamsters. We tested melatonin and two naphthalenic derivatives of melatonin, a putative agonist (S20098: N-[2-(7-methoxy-1-naphthyl)ethyl]acetamide), and a putative(More)
Age-related changes in the mammalian circadian system may be associated with a decline in circulating melatonin levels. Using 'jet lag' paradigms involving abrupt shifts in the light-dark cycle, we showed that a melatonin agonist, S-20098, accelerated by approximately 25% resynchronization of the circadian activity rhythm in old hamsters to the new(More)
Periventricular leukomalacia is a major cause of cerebral palsy. Perinatal white matter lesions associated with cerebral palsy appears to involve glutamate excitotoxicity. When injected intracerebrally into newborn mice, the glutamatergic analog, ibotenate, induces white matter cysts mimicking human periventricular leukomalacia. Intraperitoneal injection of(More)
Tianeptine is a tricyclic agent provided with antidepressant activity in experimental models and in clinical trials. In vitro tianeptine and its two principal metabolites have no effects on monoamine uptake, release or neurotransmitter receptor binding. The biochemical effect of tianeptine in vivo after acute or repeated treatment indicates an enhanced(More)
Daily administration of melatonin or S20098, a melatonin agonist, is known to entrain the free-running circadian rhythms of rats. The effects of the duration of administration on entrainment were studied. The animals demonstrated free-running circadian rhythms (running-wheel activity, body temperature, general activity) in constant darkness. Daily infusions(More)
S-20098 has potent and specific agonist properties on melatonin receptors both in vitro and in vivo. Behavioral studies on rodents already showed that repeated intraperitoneal administration of S-20098 could dose-dependently alter the functioning of the circadian clock. To determine whether single administration of S-20098 could alter the circadian rhythms(More)
Using 'jet lag' paradigms involving phase shifts in the light-dark (LD) cycle, we studied the effects of S-20098 on the circadian clock of a diurnal rodent. Arvicanthis mordax, entrained to a regular LD cycle, were subjected to advance shifts (i.e. 4, 6 or 8 h) in the LD cycle and injected with vehicle or the melatonin agonist S-20098 (20 mg/kg) the day of(More)
The experimental infection with the parasite Trypanosoma brucei in the rat provides a unique model of dysfunction of the sleep regulatory mechanisms, because the length of synchronized sleep episodes is selectively and dramatically reduced in the advanced stages of the disease. In the present study, melatonin was acutely administered (3 mg/kg SC) to(More)
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