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BACKGROUND Tamoxifen, taken for five years, is the standard adjuvant treatment for postmenopausal women with primary, estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer. Despite this treatment, however, some patients have a relapse. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, randomized trial to test whether, after two to three years of tamoxifen therapy, switching to(More)
BACKGROUND Early improvements in disease-free survival have been noted when an aromatase inhibitor is given either instead of or sequentially after tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with oestrogen-receptor-positive early breast cancer. However, little information exists on the long-term effects of aromatase inhibitors after treatment, and whether these(More)
BACKGROUND A randomized phase 3 trial of the treatment of squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck compared induction chemotherapy with docetaxel plus cisplatin and fluorouracil (TPF) with cisplatin and fluorouracil (PF), followed by chemoradiotherapy. METHODS We randomly assigned 501 patients (all of whom had stage III or IV disease with no distant(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the antitumor activity and toxicity of a new steroidal aromatase inactivator, exemestane, in postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer who had progressive disease (PD) after treatment with a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this phase II trial, eligible patients were treated with exemestane 25 mg daily(More)
BACKGROUND Locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers (LHC) represent a group of cancers for which surgery, laryngectomy-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) are clinically meaningful end points. PATIENTS AND METHODS These outcomes were analyzed in the subgroup of assessable LHC patients enrolled in(More)
A clinical trial of levamisole, an orally effective modifier of the immune response, is reported in women with primary inoperable breast cancer (stage III). After being rendered clinically disease-free by radiotherapy to the breast, supraclavicular area, and axilla, patients were allocated alternately to a control group (no further treatment) and a(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the efficacy and tolerability of gemcitabine and paclitaxel as first-line treatment in advanced breast cancer. METHODS Patients with histologically confirmed metastatic or metastatic plus locally advanced breast cancer received gemcitabine 1,200 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2) on day 1 every 21 days for 8 cycles. (More)
Paclitaxel (Taxol; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Princeton, NJ) is an antineoplastic agent that inhibits microtubular function and has shown efficacy in several solid tumors, mainly ovarian tumors, in which 20% to 40% response rates in previously treated patients were observed. We conducted a study to assess survival, response rate, and toxicity associated(More)
This study investigated the therapeutic effect of single-agent i.v. weekly Navelbine (vinorelbine), a semisynthetic vinca alkaloid, in women who had received no prior treatment for locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Of 68 patients entered into the study, 63 were adequate inclusions, assessable for toxicity and response by WHO criteria; the 5(More)
The objective of this phase II study was to assess the efficacy and toxicity of vinorelbine administered as a single agent in the treatment of chemonaïve cervical cancer patients. 46 patients (41 eligible) with cervical cancer (epidermoid or adenocarcinoma) and measurable metastatic and/or recurrent disease localised outside irradiated areas were treated(More)