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Absolute pitch is extremely rare in the U.S. and Europe; this rarity has so far been unexplained. This paper reports a substantial difference in the prevalence of absolute pitch in two normal populations, in a large-scale study employing an on-site test, without self-selection from within the target populations. Music conservatory students in the U.S. and(More)
Twelve years ago in this journal, Pro®ta and Bidder [1988] reported the ®rst evidence for familial aggrega-tion of a rare cognitive phenotype known commonly as``perfect pitch'', also designated``absolute pitch.'' Since that report, several studies [Baharloo et al., 1998; Gregersen et al., 1999] provided evidence for genetic and environmental effects in(More)
Although female/male cognitive differences have been studied for some time, little is known about such differences relative to music. Highly-trained musicians (15 females and 15 males) performed a memory task for musical timbre modeled after the missing-displaced visual object test known to favor female performance. Subjects were tested on memory for a(More)
Absolute pitch is a special ability which allows for special perceptual/cognitive strategies. Studies have shown differences in event-related scalp potentials between absolute-pitch (AP) and relative-pitch (RP) subjects of equal musical training. In this study, highly trained musicians (15 females/15 males) performed a melodic interval discrimination task,(More)
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