Elizabeth Marvin

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Absolute pitch is extremely rare in the U.S. and Europe; this rarity has so far been unexplained. This paper reports a substantial difference in the prevalence of absolute pitch in two normal populations, in a large-scale study employing an on-site test, without self-selection from within the target populations. Music conservatory students in the U.S. and(More)
Twelve years ago in this journal, Pro®ta and Bidder [1988] reported the ®rst evidence for familial aggregation of a rare cognitive phenotype known commonly as ``perfect pitch'', also designated ``absolute pitch.'' Since that report, several studies [Baharloo et al., 1998; Gregersen et al., 1999] provided evidence for genetic and environmental effects in(More)
Although female/male cognitive differences have been studied for some time, little is known about such differences relative to music. Highly-trained musicians (15 females and 15 males) performed a memory task for musical timbre modeled after the missing-displaced visual object test known to favor female performance. Subjects were tested on memory for a(More)
Absolute pitch is a special ability which allows for special perceptual/cognitive strategies. Studies have shown differences in event-related scalp potentials between absolute-pitch (AP) and relative-pitch (RP) subjects of equal musical training. In this study, highly trained musicians (15 females/15 males) performed a melodic interval discrimination task,(More)
Prior research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) [1-4] and behavioral studies of patients with acquired or congenital amusia [5-8] suggest that the right posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the human brain is specialized for aspects of music processing (for review, see [9-12]). Intracranial electrical brain stimulation in awake(More)
20 he field of music cognition examines many interactions the brain has with music, from interpreting to producing to memorizing music. Within this field, a subset of studies looks at the acquisition and manifestation of an ability called absolute pitch. Absolute pitch (AP) is defined as “the ability to identify the frequency or musical name of a specific(More)
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