Elizabeth M. Topp

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The persistence and pathways of dissipation of 17beta-estradiol and estrone in soil were established in laboratory microcosm incubations. [4-14C]-17beta-Estradiol dissipation and mineralization rates were determined over a range of temperatures and moistures, and this compound was rapidly removed in soil conditions typical of a temperate growing season.(More)
Results from clinical studies suggest that more than half of the 166 million dental restorations that were placed in the United States in 2005 were replacements for failed restorations. This emphasis on replacement therapy is expected to grow as dentists use composite as opposed to dental amalgam to restore moderate to large posterior lesions. Composite(More)
Peptide and protein drugs are often formulated in the solid-state to provide stabilization during storage. However, reactions can occur in the solid-state, leading to degradation and inactivation of these agents. This review summarizes the major chemical reactions affecting proteins and peptides in the solid-state: deamidation, peptide bond cleavage,(More)
The persistence of 17alpha-ethynylestradiol in agricultural soil was established in laboratory microcosm studies. The hormone was rapidly dissipated in loam, sandy loam, and silt loam soils under a range of moisture and temperature conditions. Dissipation of 17alpha-ethynylestradiol correlated closely with removal of total estrogenicity determined with a(More)
The relative rates of deamidation, acylation and proteolysis (i.e. amide bond cleavage) were determined for a model peptide (VYPNGA) in poly (dl-lactide-co-glycolide) films. Films were stored at 70 degrees C and either 95%, 75%, 60%, 45%, 28%, or approximately 0% relative humidity and at 37 degrees C and 95% relative humidity. Peptide degradation products(More)
The effects of secondary structure on asparagine (N) deamidation in a 22 amino acid sequence (369-GFYPSDIAVEWESNGQPENNYK-390) of the crystallizable (Fc) fragment of a human monoclonal antibody (Fc IgG1) were investigated using high-resolution ultra performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/MS). Samples containing either the(More)
High-performance liquid chromatography (LC) and liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS) methods with various sample preparation schemes were compared for their ability to identify and quantify glycoforms in two different production lots of a recombinant monoclonal IgG1 antibody. IgG1s contain a conserved(More)
Mimetics of beta-turn structures in proteins have been used to calibrate the relative reactivities toward deamidation of asparagine residues in the two central positions of a beta-turn and in a random coil. N-Acetyl-Asn-Gly-6-aminocaproic acid, an acyclic analog of a beta-turn mimic undergoes deamidation of the asparaginyl residue through a succinimide(More)
OBJECTIVES Our previous study showed the synthesis and characterization of a novel urethane-linked trimethacrylate monomer for use as a co-monomer in dentin adhesives. The objective of this work was to further investigate the performance of dentin adhesives containing a new monomer, with particular emphasis on the water sorption and viscoelastic behavior of(More)
The use of microdialysis sampling was examined in a well-characterized hydrodynamic system. A cross-flow microdialysis probe was designed in which the flow of both the dialysis perfusion solution and the sample solution could be carefully controlled. Dialysis membranes of cellulose (Cuprophan), cellulose acetate, and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) were examined in(More)