Elizabeth M Rutherford

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Although it is well-established that vulnerability to negative emotion is associated with attentional bias toward aversive information, the causal basis of this association remains undetermined. Two studies addressed this issue by experimentally inducing differential attentional responses to emotional stimuli using a modified dot probe task, and then(More)
Elevated anxiety vulnerability is associated with a tendency to interpret ambiguous stimuli as threatening, but the causal basis of this relationship has not been established. Recently, procedures have been developed to systematically manipulate interpretive bias, but the impact of such manipulation on anxiety reactivity to a subsequent stressor has not yet(More)
Previous research has established that anxiety patients demonstrate a cognitive bias that selectively favours the processing of threat related information. The current experiment employs a variant of a well established colour naming paradigm to address three issues concerning the nature of this anxiety linked pattern of selective processing. First, by(More)
It recently has been established within the laboratory that the attentional probe methodology not only can sensitively assess the threat attentional bias associated with anxiety vulnerability, but also can be configured to yield training tasks capable of modifying emotional vulnerability by manipulating such attentional selectivity. In order to appraise and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reports on data collected from the routine use of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) and the Medical Outcomes Short Form (SF-36). Three main aims were addressed in using these measures: (i) to establish patient disability levels; (ii) to determine the level of treatment effectiveness; and (iii) to explore the ability of(More)
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