Elizabeth M Migoya

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The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, of metformin, and of the combination of the two agents, on incretin hormone concentrations. Active and inactive (or total) incretin plasma concentrations, plasma DPP-4 activity, and preproglucagon (GCG) gene expression were determined after administration of(More)
Caspofungin was the first in a new class of antifungal agents (echinocandins) indicated for the treatment of primary and refractory fungal infections. Higher doses of caspofungin may provide another option for patients who have failed caspofungin or other antifungal therapy. This study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of single 150-(More)
The disposition of caspofungin, a parenteral antifungal drug, was investigated. Following a single, 1-h, intravenous infusion of 70 mg (200 microCi) of [(3)H]caspofungin to healthy men, plasma, urine, and feces were collected over 27 days in study A (n = 6) and plasma was collected over 26 weeks in study B (n = 7). Supportive data were obtained from a(More)
This report investigated safety and dosing recommendations of intravenous caspofungin in hepatic insufficiency. In the single-dose study, 8 patients each with mild and moderate hepatic insufficiency received 70 mg of caspofungin. In the multiple-dose study, 8 patients with mild hepatic insufficiency and 13 healthy matched controls received 70 mg on day 1(More)
The potential for interactions between caspofungin and nelfinavir or rifampin was evaluated in two parallel-panel studies. In study A, healthy subjects received a 14-day course of caspofungin alone (50 mg administered intravenously [IV] once daily) (n = 10) or with nelfinavir (1,250 mg administered orally twice daily) (n = 9) or rifampin (600 mg(More)
BACKGROUND Sitagliptin is a highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. Sitagliptin is primarily excreted by renal elimination as unchanged drug, with only a small percentage (approximately 16%) undergoing hepatic metabolism. OBJECTIVES The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
Montelukast is a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist approved for the treatment of asthma for those ages 1 year old to adult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic comparability of a 4-mg dose of montelukast oral granules in patients > or = 6 to < 24 months old to the 10-mg approved dose in adults. This was an open-label study(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with an oral antihyperglycaemic agent administered as monotherapy is often unsuccessful at achieving or maintaining glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The combined use of sitagliptin and metformin is an effective treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus, consistent with the complementary mechanisms of action by(More)
The purpose was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for montelukast after intravenous administration. Clinical trial simulations were conducted using the model developed to identify the lowest intravenous dose in 6- to 14-year-old children that would give montelukast systemic exposures that were comparable to those found to be associated with(More)
The single-dose pharmacokinetics of montelukast 4-mg oral granules and tolerability of daily administration of 2 different doses of montelukast (4 mg and 8 mg given once daily for 7 days) versus placebo were evaluated in 12 infants 1 to 3 months of age with bronchiolitis or a history of bronchiolitis and asthma-like symptoms. The population area under the(More)