Elizabeth M. Dahly

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The goal of growth factor treatment in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) is to facilitate transition from parenteral to enteral feedings. Ideal use of growth factors would be acute treatment that produces sustained effects. We investigated the ability of acute insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) treatment to facilitate weaning from total parenteral(More)
The mechanisms underlying nutrient regulation of intestinal cell turnover are poorly understood. The total parenteral nutrition (TPN) model allows examination of how eliminating the growth-promoting signals stimulated by luminal nutrients, without the confounding factor of malnutrition due to food deprivation, influences enterocyte renewal. Our objective(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is a growth factor for the immune system, increasing lymphocyte number and function via greater lymphocyte generation and/or survival. We investigated the effects of IGF-I on lymphocyte survival and regeneration in the thymus and spleen after dexamethasone (Dex) treatment in rats maintained with parenteral nutrition and(More)
Patients with severe short-bowel syndrome (SBS) often require long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN) to maintain their nutritional status because of limited intestinal adaptation. Growth factors, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), are under investigation to promote intestinal adaptation and tolerance to oral feeding. We investigated(More)
To elucidate the role of luminal nutrients and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) in intestinal adaptation, rats were subjected to 70% midjejunoileal resection or ileal transection and were maintained with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or oral feeding. TPN rats showed small bowel mucosal hyperplasia at 8 h through 7 days after resection, demonstrating that(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) increase intestinal growth. GH is thought to act indirectly via IGF-I. In several models, including rats given total parenteral nutrition (TPN), IGF-I more potently stimulates mucosal growth than GH, even when GH induces similar circulating IGF-I levels. These studies test the(More)
Adequate pain control is necessary for optimal postsurgical recovery and humane treatment of laboratory and companion animals. Opioid drugs are currently the most potent analgesic agents available in human and veterinary medicine. Long-acting formulations of opioid drugs confer several important advantages over standard pharmaceutical preparations,(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, but not growth hormone (GH), stimulates mucosal hyperplasia in surgically stressed rats with intestinal atrophy induced by hypocaloric total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Our aim was to characterize the basis for this disparity in enterotrophic action by assessing the relationships between(More)
While developing a rat model for human short bowel syndrome, we noted that untreated rats as well as rats administered buprenorphine after intestinal resection exhibited behavior and appearance consistent with visceral pain and distress. To provide appropriate analgesics, we developed criteria to assess pain-related behavioral changes and conducted an(More)
To investigate the ability of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), but not GH, to stimulate jejunal growth, we compared indices of IGF-I and insulin receptor expression in jejunal membranes from rats maintained with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and treated with rhIGF-I and/or rhGH. TPN without growth factor treatment (TPN control) induced jejunal(More)