Elizabeth M. Byrnes

Learn More
The ability of locally-administered AMPA and D1 receptor ligands to modulate in vivo striatal and nigral GABA efflux was determined in awake, intact male rats using a dual-probe microdialysis technique. Intrastriatal perfusion of AMPA (100 microM) produced a 50-100% increase in striatal GABA efflux that was totally blocked by co-perfusion with TTX (10.0(More)
The maternal and neurobiological responses of biological mothers and pup-induced maternal virgin rats were compared 55 and 80 days after an initial 2-day maternal experience. When tested for home cage responsiveness after prolonged isolation from young, the biological, primiparous rats displayed shorter maternal latencies. Primiparous females tested in the(More)
Reproductive experience (i.e. pregnancy and lactation) results in significant alterations in subsequent hormone levels in female rats. Several studies have demonstrated that circulating hormones can significantly affect anxiety-like behavior. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine whether reproductive experience induces alterations in(More)
Substance abuse in developing females may have significant long-term effects on reproductive competency. Chronic morphine exposure during puberty has been shown to reduce prolactin secretion in lactating rats. Opioid activity within the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) regulates suckling-induced prolactin secretion. Thus, the current study was conducted to(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Opiate abuse in adolescent girls has increased in the past decade; however, few animal studies have examined the potential consequences of opiate use occurring at this time. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether exposing female rats to morphine during the peripubertal period can alter the adult behavior of their(More)
Brief contact with pups at parturition enables the female rat to establish and retain the full repertoire of maternal behaviors, allowing her to respond rapidly to pups in the future. To determine whether the dopamine system is involved in the retention of maternal behavior, females were continuously infused with dopamine antagonists during the(More)
Environmental enrichment attenuates the response to psychostimulants and has been shown to reduce both anxiety and stress-related behaviors. Since stress is a major vulnerability factor for addiction, we investigated whether enrichment could reverse stress profiles in high anxious rats as well as reduce their amphetamine sensitivity. Using selectively-bred(More)
The expression of maternal behavior in the newly parturient rat is under endocrine regulation. Blocking endogenous PRL secretion with bromocriptine delays the normal rapid expression of maternal care shown toward foster young in steroid-primed virgin female rats. The recent development of the PRL receptor antagonist S179D-PRL, a mutant of human PRL in which(More)
The use of narcotics by adolescent females is a growing problem, yet very little is known about the long-term consequences for either the user or her future offspring. In the current study, we utilized an animal model to examine the transgenerational consequences of opiate exposure occurring during this sensitive period. Female rats were exposed to(More)
The non-medical use of prescription opiates, such as Vicodin(®) and MSContin(®), has increased dramatically over the past decade. Of particular concern is the rising popularity of these drugs in adolescent female populations. Use during this critical developmental period could have significant long-term consequences for both the female user as well as(More)