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BACKGROUND Alloantigen-activated T cells express the high-affinity interleukin-2 receptor. Specific blockade of this receptor with the human IgG1 monoclonal antibody daclizumab may prevent rejection of allografts after cardiac transplantation without inducing global immunosuppression. METHODS We randomly assigned 55 nonsensitized patients undergoing a(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac transplantation is a limited option for end-stage heart failure because of the shortage of donor organs. Left-ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are currently under investigation as permanent therapy for end-stage heart failure, but long-term successful device implantation is limited because of a high rate of serious infections. To(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac transplantation vasculopathy is the leading cause of late death in heart transplantation recipients. Rapamycin is an immunosuppressant drug with potent antiproliferative and antimigratory effects. We investigated whether rapamycin could prevent progression of graft vasculopathy in 46 patients (age, 54+/-10 years; 4.3+/-2.3 years after(More)
BACKGROUND Preformed anti-HLA antibodies reacting specifically with donor lymphocytes have been associated with acute vascular rejection and early cardiac allograft failure. However, the effect of preformed anti-HLA antibodies directed against allogeneic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I or II antigens of a donor panel on heart transplantation(More)
The 12-month clinical outcomes of nursing home patients who underwent videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation was determined. A retrospective review of 40 patients in a teaching nursing home who had videofluoroscopic swallowing studies from 1987 through 1989 was performed. Clinical outcomes measured included feeding tube placement, rehospitalization within(More)
The involvement of humoral response in allograft rejection has been suggested by both immunologic and histochemistry studies. In the present study, we explored the role of alloantibodies in a large cohort of heart allograft recipients followed for 15 years. Sequential samples of sera were obtained from 950 recipients of heart allografts before and after(More)
The presence of complement fixing anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies in the circulation of organ transplant recipients may result in heart allograft rejection. Here, we assessed the clinical impact of pre- and post-transplantation allosensitization on long-term survival of heart allografts. Sequential samples of sera from heart allograft(More)
An atypical oral presentation of herpes simplex virus infection in a 49-year-old woman after orthotopic liver transplantation is reported. Clinically, the differential diagnosis included chronic hyperplastic candidiasis, nodular leukoplakia of undetermined etiology, and malignant neoplasm. An excisional biopsy revealed herpesvirus infection, and(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of T cells induces immunoglobulin (Ig)M-to-IgG B-cell isotype switching via costimulatory regulatory pathways. Because rejection of transplanted organs is preceded by alloantigen-dependent T-cell activation, we investigated whether B-cell isotype switching could predict acute cellular rejection and the subsequent development of(More)