Elizabeth M Bryan

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Lung function was recorded in a cohort of 130 age specific children of low birth weight (under 2000 g) and a reference population of 120 unselected local schoolchildren at 7 years of age. Children of the cohort were similar in height and forced vital capacity to the reference group, but had significantly reduced forced expiratory volume in 0.75 second and(More)
We recorded the respiratory history by questionnaire in a 7 year old cohort of children whose birth weight was under 2000 g and an unselected reference group of local schoolchildren of the same age. Complete data were obtained in 121 low birthweight children (90% of those studied): 62 who had no neonatal respiratory illness, 25 who had oxygen treatment(More)
Accurate determination of zygosity and chorionicity is essential in all multiple maternities. The parents and the multiples themselves ask it. It is of medical importance and now considered as a prerequisite in several domains of twin research, especially when perinatal data are analysed. It helps the multiples and their parents and teachers to ascertain(More)
We report a prospective study of airway responsiveness in a cohort of 121 children of low birthweight (under 2,000 g) at 7 years and a random sample of 100 local schoolchildren of the same age. A positive airway response was defined as a 20% fall in peak expiratory flow rate in response to a cumulative histamine dose of 3 mumol or less. We found a moderate(More)
Bryan, E. M., and Kohler, H. G. (1975). Archives of Disease in Childhood, 50, 714. The missing umbilical artery. II. Paediatric follow-up. Of 143 infants with single umbilical artery detected by routine examination of the placenta, 25 had major malformations at birth; 3 of these survive. Another 6 were stillborn and 2 died during the first year of life. At(More)
The findings for enamel defects in the primary dentition of a group of low birthweight (LBW) children were related to their perinatal medical histories. Examination of 110 LBW children and 93 control children aged 5 years showed that significantly more of the LBW children (71%) had hypoplasia than controls (15%), but there was no difference in opacities(More)
From early pregnancy into childhood, higher multiples have much higher rates of mortality, whether from spontaneous abortion, the 'vanishing twin' syndrome, fetal or infant death. Many parents must cope with the death of one baby whilst the siblings remain critically ill or later become disabled and yet there grief is often underestimated. Little is known(More)
Couples expecting twins are often unrealistically optimistic and are therefore unprepared for the complications as well as the practical and emotional impact the birth of twins can have on the family. All such couples will need information and support throughout the pregnancy and beyond. In this review, the various aspects that should be addressed are(More)
Death or disability is much more common in multiple births than single children, especially in the perinatal period. Parents face particular problems in that their loss may be underestimated; their grieving may be impeded by the confusion between the live and the dead baby, and the constant reminder in the survivor may be painful. The surviving twin often(More)
The experiences and needs of mothers who lose a newborn twin were explored by sending semistructured questionnaires to 14 bereaved mothers. All mothers continued to think of the surviving child as a twin. Six had feelings of resentment towards the survivor. All felt their loss had been underestimated. Support could be improved by acknowledging the mother's(More)