Elizabeth Kilpatrick

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Fas and the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)1 regulate the programmed cell death of lymphocytes. The death domain kinase, receptor interacting protein (rip), is recruited to the TNFR1 upon receptor activation. In vitro, rip-/- fibroblasts are sensitive to TNF-induced cell death due to an impaired nuclear factor kappaB response. Because rip-/- mice die(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are programmed to kill target cells without prior antigen priming. Because of their potent cytolytic activities, NK cells are one of the key cell types involved in dismantling allografts. However, in certain transplant models, NK cells also express potent immunoregulatory properties that promote tolerance induction. The precise(More)
Immunization with vaccinia virus resulted in long-lasting protection against smallpox and was the approach used to eliminate natural smallpox infections worldwide. Due to the concern about the potential use of smallpox virus as a bioweapon, smallpox vaccination is currently being reintroduced. Severe complications from vaccination were associated with(More)
This paper models three stages of the union organizing drive, using a new dataset covering more than 22,000 drives that took place between 1999 and 2004. The correlated sequential model tracks drives through all of their potential stages: holding an election, winning an election, and reaching first contracts. Only one-seventh of organizing drives that filed(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether dopamine affects NaCl reabsorption in the medullary thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. Basolateral dopamine (10(-6) M) significantly inhibited Cl- reabsorption in the in vitro microperfused rat medullary thick ascending limb by 21 +/- 2% (P < 0.01). The response to 10(-6) M dopamine was(More)
Elaine, a tutor, and Carlo, a fourth-grader, sit together at a table with a laptop. They discuss the book that Carlo is about to read, which Carlo chose from a set of preselected books at his instructional level. Elaine and Carlo discuss the cover of the book before starting to read, then they read a few pages in unison. After 2 minutes of unison reading,(More)
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