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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The MR anatomy of the uncinate fasciculus, inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus, and Meyer's loop of the optic radiation, which traverse the temporal stem, is not well known. The purpose of this investigation was to study these structures in the anterior temporal lobe and the external and extreme capsules and to correlate the dissected(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several white matter tracts in the brain cannot be identified on MR studies because they are indistinguishable from the surrounding white matter. We sought to develop a method to precisely localize white matter tracts by correlating anatomic dissections with corresponding MR images. METHODS MR imaging was used to guide anatomic(More)
PURPOSE To define the normal and abnormal genu of the corpus callosum by examining its evolution and embryology and by analyzing its normal and abnormal appearance on MR images. METHODS A reference line was drawn from the mamillary body through the anterior commissure and corpus callosum-the MAC line. This line was used to evaluate the genu in adult(More)
PURPOSE To identify changes in the embryology of the hippocampus responsible for its adult anatomy. METHODS Ten human fetal specimens ranging from 13 to 24 weeks' gestational age were examined with MR imaging. Dissections and histologic sections of 10 different specimens of similar ages were compared with MR imaging findings. RESULTS At 13 to 14 weeks'(More)
PURPOSE To determine the cause and frequency of high-signal-intensity foci detected in the insular cortex and extreme capsule on thin-section, high-spatial-resolution, coronal, T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors assessed high-signal-intensity areas in the insular cortex and extreme capsule on coronal MR images(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent advances in neurosurgical treatment of traumatic and birth-related brachial plexus injuries require differentiation of preganglionic nerve rootlet avulsion from postganglionic lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of thin-section high-resolution CT myelography for revealing cervicothoracic nerve rootlet avulsion in(More)
Much remains to be learned about the embryology and pathophysiology of the "tethered cord syndrome." Of particular importance in tethered cord syndrome is spinal cord stretchability and its relation to resultant cord dysfunction. In this study, cord elongation was observed in fresh fetuses and in animals by applying weights or forceps traction at the conus(More)
PURPOSE To study the anatomy and embryology of the lamina rostralis, and to determine whether the rostrum is, as frequently stated, the last section of the corpus callosum to develop. METHODS The rostrum was analyzed in dissected adult brains and on MR studies in 300 patients with a normal corpus callosum and in 84 patients with a hypogenetic corpus(More)
With the recent development of high-resolution computed tomography (CT), there is a growing need to explore the full potential of this new method in demonstrating the detailed anatomy of the temporal bone. For this purpose, dry skulls with intact ossicles were scanned in axial and coronal projections. The detailed CT anatomy of the temporal bone was(More)
Pulsatile tinnitus is a rare presenting symptom in patients with enlarged jugular bulbs. We will describe three young women presenting with right pulsatile tinnitus associated with a megabulb deformity of the temporal bone. After extensive radiologic and audiologic evaluation, no vascular or bony abnormalities could be identified. All three patients(More)