Elizabeth K O'Donnell

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Previous analysis of transcriptional changes after elicitation of Cf-9 transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) by Avr9 peptide revealed a rapidly upregulated gene, ACRE276. We show that ACRE276 is transiently induced in wounded leaves within 15 min, but upon Avr9 elicitor treatment, this upregulation is enhanced and maintained until cell death onset in Cf-9(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is associated with three types of human tumor: Kaposi's sarcoma, multicentric Castleman's disease, and primary effusion lymphoma. The virus encodes a number of proteins that participate in disrupting the immune response, one of which was predicted by sequence analysis to be encoded by open reading frame 4(More)
Understanding salt stress signaling is key to producing salt-tolerant crops. The small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a crucial regulator of signaling proteins in eukaryotes. Attachment of SUMO onto substrates is reversible, and SUMO proteases, which specifically cleave the SUMO-substrate linkages, play a vital regulatory role during SUMOylation. We have(More)
BACKGROUND Docetaxel is associated with prolonged survival in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Platinum compounds have modest but distinct single-agent activity. Carboplatin may have greatest potential for benefit when combined with taxanes. We investigated whether there is a subset of patients with CRPC for whom the efficacy of combination(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether retroperitoneal craniocaudal nodal length or nodal volume predicts relapse risk in stage I testicular cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 826 testicular cancer patients. Of these 826 patients, 118 had stage I disease and either less than 2 years of surveillance or(More)
The response of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) to inflammatory cytokine treatment of experimentally infected endothelial cells was investigated. The cytokines inhibited spontaneous KSHV lytic gene expression but not the level of infection. The data suggest that if inflammatory cytokines present in KS lesions contribute to KSHV(More)
Proteasome inhibition induces the accumulation of aggregated misfolded/ubiquitinated proteins in the aggresome; conversely, histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibition blocks aggresome formation. Although this rationale has been the basis of proteasome inhibitor (PI) and HDAC6 inhibitor combination studies, the role of disruption of aggresome formation by(More)
Proteasome inhibitors (PI) and immunomodulatory agents (IMIDs) have improved the overall survival (OS) of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), but concerns have been raised about increased incidence of extramedullary disease (EMD) after the combined use of PIs and IMIDs for upfront therapy. We evaluated whether the addition of lenalidomide to(More)
In multiple myeloma, it is believed that multiple mutations in different pathways deregulate the intrinsic biology of the plasma cell, resulting in a genetically complex heterogeneous disease. Mutations in the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway have been identified and represent potential targets for therapy in(More)