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PURPOSE Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is a major medical and neurological emergency that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite this high morbidity and mortality, most acute care facilities in the United States cannot evaluate patients with EEG monitoring during or immediately after SE. The present study was initiated to(More)
PURPOSE Status epilepticus (SE) is a major medical and a neurologic emergency associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The current definition of SE is continuous seizure activity or intermittent seizure activity without regaining consciousness, lasting > or =30 min. Epilepsy monitoring unit data indicate that many seizures self-terminate within(More)
In cases of refractory status epilepticus (RSE) unresponsive to sequential trials of multiple agents, a suspension of topiramate administered via nasogastric tube was effective in aborting RSE, including one patient in a prolonged pentobarbital coma. Effective dosages ranged from 300 to 1,600 mg/d. Except for lethargy, no adverse events were reported.
Ms. Q, a 29-year-old woman, began to behave strangely, claiming to see and hear imaginary people. The following day, she was confused and somnolent in the morning. In the late morning, she had a generalized tonic-clonic seizure and was transported to the hospital. Her past medical and developmental histories were unremarkable. She took a daily oral(More)
Since its inception 30 years ago, AEEG has continued to evolve--from four-channel tape recorders to 32-channel digital recorders with sophisticated automatic spike and seizure detection algorithms. AEEG remains an important tool in epilepsy evaluation. In the near future, smaller, faster, and more sophisticated AEEGs will be developed. Seizure(More)
Acute symptomatic seizures and epilepsy are two of the most common neurologic complaints in the elderly. Stroke is the leading underlying etiology for both. Because clinical seizure manifestations in the elderly often differ from those in younger adults, they may be difficult to recognize or may be misdiagnosed. Interpretation of diagnostic tests in elderly(More)
Ischemic brain injury (stroke) is a major cause of status epilepticus (SE). In our database of 529 adult SE cases, acute or remote cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) were a primary cause of SE for 41% of the patients overall and for 61% of the elderly patients. SE in the setting of acute CVA has a very high mortality, approaching 35%. The degree to which(More)
PURPOSE Previous work suggested that there is a lower mortality for convulsive status epilepticus (SE) with intermittent seizures (intermittent SE) as opposed to SE with continuous seizure activity (continuous SE). A plausible hypothesis to explain this difference is that the shorter ictal time in intermittent SE is responsible for the lower mortality in(More)
Status epilepticus (SE) is a medical and neurological emergency that has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The most widely accepted definition of SE is more than 30 minutes of either continuous seizure activity, or intermittent seizures without full recovery of consciousness between seizures. SE is a major clinical concern in the(More)
Accurate diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) lupus remains difficult, especially when the manifestations are of subtle cognitive and affective changes. This pilot study reports on the use of I-123 iofetamine single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scans in 18 such patients with documented systemic lupus erythematosus. Eight of the 18(More)