Elizabeth J St John

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High embryo loss occurs in the first week of bovine embryo development, with a high percentage of embryonic arrest. We hypothesized that arrested embryos enter a 'senescence-like state' and that both the cell cycle regulatory protein p53 and the stress-related protein p66(shc), which are involved in the onset of senescence in somatic cells, are responsible(More)
Excessive developmental failure occurs during the first week of in vitro embryo development due to elevated levels of cell death and arrest. We hypothesize that permanently arrested embryos enter a stress-induced "senescence-like" state that is dependent on the oxidative stress-adaptor and lifespan determinant protein p66Shc. The aim of this study was to(More)
We described the clinical, cytogenetic and molecular findings of 17 clinical equine cases presented for abnormal sexual development and infertility. Six horses with an enlarged clitoris had an XX, SRY-negative genotype, which displayed male-like behavior (adult individuals). Bilateral ovotestes were noted in 2 of those cases, while another case showed(More)
BACKGROUND Early embryo development (EED) forms the basis of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), which are used to treat human infertility and to propagate other mammalian species. Thyroid hormones (THs) play an important role in the post-implantation development of the embryo in mammals; however, the effects of THs on pre-attachment embryos are not(More)
A high incidence of permanent embryo arrest occurs during the first week of in vitro development. We hypothesize that this developmental arrest event is regulated by the stress adaptor protein p66shc, a genetic determinant of life span in mammals, which regulates ROS metabolism, apoptosis, and cellular senescence. The aim of this study was to assess the(More)
Early pregnancy diagnosis and monitoring play an important role following embryo transfer in sheep. The aims of the current study were to investigate (i) the pattern of serum progesterone profiles in sheep carrying somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)-derived (clone) pregnancies, and (ii) the frequency of pregnancy loss during development following SCNT(More)
The effects of activation by 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) and cycloheximide (CHX) on the development and chromosomal complement of sheep parthenogenetic and SCNT embryos were investigated. The results revealed that the blastocyst development of parthenogenetic embryos was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in 6-DMAP activated oocytes, compared to those(More)
Evidence indicates that high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) may originate from lesions within the distal fallopian tube epithelium (FTE). Our previous studies indicate that fallopian tube epithelial cells from carriers of germline mutations in breast cancer susceptibility genes exhibit a pro-inflammatory gene expression signature during the luteal(More)
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