Elizabeth J Fisher

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Diabetes is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. Hyperglycemia is an underlying contributing factor; however, the mechanisms that mediate the vascular complications are not yet fully understood. In the present study, we provide evidence that elevated glucose induces discordant matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression from two key vascular cells,(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by an accumulation of mesangium matrix that correlates well with the loss of kidney function. High glucose concentration is known to increase the synthesis of many matrix components. Recently, we have shown that degradation of matrix also decreases in diabetes. The major enzymes responsible for matrix degradation are(More)
Glutathione is important in the regulation of the redox state, and a decline in its tissue level has often been considered to be indicative of increased oxidative stress in diabetes. In this study of diabetic rats, the level of hepatic glutathione was normal unless food intake was restricted. Thus, the previous report of a reduction in hepatic glutathione(More)
Mesangium enlargement is a constant feature of diabetic nephropathy and is likely to be important in the pathogenesis of this diabetic complication. Whether decreased degradation of mesangium plays any role in causing the enlargement is uncertain. We developed a system of preparing radioactively labeled mesangium matrix from mesangial cell cultures to be(More)
The important role of ascorbic acid (AA) as an anti-oxidant is particularly relevant in diabetes mellitus where plasma concentrations of AA are reduced. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of treatment with AA or an aldose reductase inhibitor, tolrestat, on AA metabolism and urinary albumin excretion in diabetes. Blood and urine samples were(More)
Mesangium enlargement is a central feature of diabetic nephropathy and almost certainly plays a pathogenic role in this condition. Previous studies have shown that mesangium degradation is reduced in a high glucose mileau. Plasmin has been shown to play an important role in extracellular matrix degradation, both directly and through its ability to activate(More)
It has been reported previously that the plasma concentration of ascorbic acid (AA) is reduced in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats and can be normalized by treatment with the aldose reductase inhibitor tolrestat. This study was designed to investigate further the relationship between the polyol pathway and AA metabolism in diabetic rats. Disturbance of AA(More)
Abnormalities of retinal pericytes and endothelial cells are prominent features of diabetic retinopathy. In this study, we used cultures of bovine retinal cells to examine the regulation of cell-associated proteoglycans, a class of highly sulfated macromolecules important in the regulation of cell growth. Bovine retinal pericytes and endothelial cells were(More)
Expansion of the glomerular mesangium is a consistent finding of diabetic nephropathy. Negatively charged proteoglycans are an integral part of the mesangium and their synthesis and degradation is disturbed in many forms of glomerulosclerosis. The metabolism of ascorbic acid (AA), which plays an important role in extracellular matrix regulation, is known to(More)
Mesangial cells are pericyte-like cells which are found the glomeruli of the kidney. It is well known that they have important contractile and synthetic properties regulating the function of the glomerulus. During diabetes the synthesis of various extracellular matrix (ECM) components by mesangial cells are increased. In recent years it has been recognized(More)