Elizabeth J Coleman

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Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are attracted to sites of infection. They have the potential to deliver antimicrobial agents to these sites if the agents enter the cells and do not alter migration. Penicillin G did not enter cells and was not transported by PMN. We found that azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and telithromycin(More)
Cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) status influences virulence of Candida albicans and decreases the susceptibility of yeast cells to phagocytic killing. We tested whether subinhibitory concentrations of fluconazole, which is widely used in the treatment and prophylaxis of candidiasis, affect CSH and the susceptibility of C. albicans to enzymatic digestion(More)
Pneumococci can enter and survive inside human lung alveolar carcinoma cells. We examined the activity of azithromycin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, penicillin G, rifampin, telithromycin, and trovafloxacin against pneumococci inside and outside cells. We found that moxifloxacin, trovafloxacin, and telithromycin were the most active, but only(More)
UNLABELLED Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an intercellular phospholipid mediator with a variety of actions that suggest a role in stimulating inflammatory responses. We therefore studied its actions on neutrophil (PMN) motility and respiratory burst. Because local anesthetics (LA) inhibit LPA signaling and attenuate PMN responses, we also investigated the(More)
Triclosan (2,4,4',-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenylether) is a well-known and widely used nonionic antibacterial agent which has recently been introduced in toothpastes and mouthrinses. The efficacy of triclosan-containing toothpaste and mouthrinse to reduce both plaque and gingivitis in long-term clinical trials has been well documented. Until recently, it was(More)
A non-antibacterial, surface-modifying, perfluorosulfonamidoalkyl ester of phosphorous acid (PSAEP, 1) was adsorbed to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite disks in vitro. Pretreatment of saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads with different concentrations of 1 markedly reduced the adherence of radiolabeled Streptococcus mutans or Actinomyces viscosus when compared(More)
This research evaluated the effect of an anticalculus mouthrinse, containing 3.3% pyrophosphate anion and 1.0% of a copolymer of vinylmethyl ether and maleic acid (Gantrez), on calculus formation, gingivitis, gingival recession, and epithelial attachment in beagle dogs over a one-year period of time, compared to a distilled water rinse. Each was applied(More)