Elizabeth J. Campagna

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CONTEXT In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) required a warning on diabetes risk for second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) drugs. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and American Psychiatric Association (APA) recommended glucose and lipid testing for all patients starting to receive SGA drugs. OBJECTIVE To characterize associations between(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate metabolic screening rates, predictors of screening, and incidence of metabolic disturbances in children initiating second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) drug treatment. DESIGN A retrospective, new-user cohort study (between July 1, 2004, and June 30, 2006) using Medicaid claims data. SETTINGS California, Missouri, and Oregon. (More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess the attributable risk and potential benefit of smoking cessation on surgical outcomes. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Risk reduction with the implementation of surgical care improvement project process measures has been the primary focus for improving surgical outcomes. Little emphasis has been placed on preoperative risk(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The impact of prescription opioid abuse on young children is underrecognized and poorly documented. We hypothesize that poisoning of young children from prescription opioids occurs regularly in the United States and is associated with serious health events, including death. METHODS Using data from poison centers participating in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of smoking on postoperative complications following elective primary total hip replacement (THR) or primary total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS We used data from the national Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program to examine the association of smoking status at surgery with 30-day postoperative complication(More)
PURPOSE The American Diabetes Association and American Psychiatric Association recommend metabolic monitoring for all patients using second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) drugs. We estimated glucose and lipid testing rates among SGA-users from three state Medicaid programs and investigated small area variation and patient and geographic determinants of(More)
There is public health interest in the identification and treatment of modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors among patients treated with antipsychotic medications. However, best-practice screening recommendations endorsed by multiple medical organizations have not translated into real-world clinical practice. Quality improvement strategies may help to(More)
OBJECT The current management paradigm for children with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is to establish a diagnosis and begin therapy based on MR imaging findings correlated with an appropriate clinical presentation, and without a tissue diagnosis. This strategy assumes that pediatric neurosurgeons and neurooncologists uniformly(More)
BACKGROUND Fundoplication is a common pediatric surgery, but little data comparing the laparoscopic approach with the open approach have been published. OBJECTIVE To compare infection rates, complication rates, length of stay, and cost for laparoscopic fundoplication versus open fundoplication among pediatric patients and to examine trends in utilization(More)
OBJECTIVE Almost one-half of all pediatric gastrostomy tube insertions are accompanied by a fundoplication, yet little is understood about the surgical decision-making for these procedures. The objective of this study was to examine the decision-making process of surgeons about whether to perform a fundoplication in children already scheduled to have a(More)