Elizabeth Hong-Geller

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The Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins (S.E.) A-I, and toxic-shock syndrome toxin TSST-1 act as superantigens to cause overstimulation of the host immune system, leading to the onset of various diseases including food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome. SAgs bind as intact proteins to the DRalpha1 domain of the MHC class II receptor and the TcRVbeta domain(More)
Physicochemical properties of DNA, such as shape, affect protein-DNA recognition. However, the properties of DNA that are most relevant for predicting the binding sites of particular transcription factors (TFs) or classes of TFs have yet to be fully understood. Here, using a model that accurately captures the melting behavior and breathing dynamics(More)
The rise in antimicrobial drug resistance, alongside the failure of conventional research to discover new antibiotics, will inevitably lead to a public health crisis that can drastically curtail our ability to combat infectious disease. Thus, there is a great global health need for development of antimicrobial countermeasures that target novel cell(More)
Superantigens secreted by the bacterial pathogen Staphyloccocus aureus are extremely potent toxins that overstimulate the host immune system by binding to the MHC class II and T cell receptors and activating a large population of T cells. Superantigen infection has been shown to be the causative agents in acute diseases, food poisoning and toxic shock(More)
AIM We will validate sample collection methods for recovery of microbial evidence in the event of accidental or intentional release of biological agents into the environment. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated the sample recovery efficiencies of two collection methods - swabs and wipes - for both nonvirulent and virulent strains of Bacillus anthracis and(More)
The accessory protein MD2 has been implicated in LPS-mediated activation of the innate immune system by functioning as a co-receptor with TLR4 for LPS binding at the cell surface. Epithelial cells that play a role in primary immune response, such as in the lung or gut, often express TLR4, but are dependent on circulating soluble MD2 (sMD2) to bind TLR4 to(More)
The Toll-like receptor (TLR) family plays a fundamental role in host innate immunity by mounting a rapid and potent inflammatory response to pathogen infection. TLRs recognize distinct microbial components and activate intracellular signaling pathways that induce expression of host inflammatory genes. Extensive research in the past decade to understand(More)
The rampant use of antibiotics in the last half-century has imposed an unforeseen biological cost, the unprecedented acceleration of bacterial evolution to produce drug-resistant strains to practically every approved antibiotic. This rise in antimicrobial drug resistance, alongside the failure of conventional research efforts to discover new antibiotics,(More)
Here, we present a modification to single-molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization that enables quantitative detection and analysis of small RNA (sRNA) expressed in bacteria. We show that short (~200 nucleotide) nucleic acid targets can be detected when the background of unbound singly dye-labeled DNA oligomers is reduced through hybridization with a set(More)
Determining transcription factor (TF) recognition motifs or operator sites is central to understanding gene regulation, yet few operators have been characterized. In this study, we used a protein-binding microarray (PBM) to discover the DNA recognition sites and putative regulons for three TetR and one MarR family TFs derived from Burkholderia xenovorans,(More)