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The apolipoprotein E type 4 allele (APOE-epsilon 4) is genetically associated with the common late onset familial and sporadic forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Risk for AD increased from 20% to 90% and mean age at onset decreased from 84 to 68 years with increasing number of APOE-epsilon 4 alleles in 42 families with late onset AD. Thus APOE-epsilon 4(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both stroke and the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele increase the risk of dementia. However, the interaction between stroke and APOE on dementia is still unclear. We addressed this topic by using a longitudinal design. METHODS We followed up a community cohort of 1301 subjects aged >/=75 years, who did not have dementia at(More)
A genetic classification of Alzheimer disease(s) (AD) is presented. We describe a potential metabolic process in individuals who inherit apolipoprotein E-epsilon 4 (APOE4, gene; apoE4, protein) alleles, leading to increased risk and earlier age of onset of late-onset Alzheimer disease. Apolipoprotein E-epsilon 3 (apoE3) binds to tau protein, possibly(More)
BACKGROUND Recent findings of a reduced cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRGlu) in at-risk relatives of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) who carry the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 allele suggest a causative role for the E4 isoform in cognitive changes that lead to AD. It is not known whether epsilon 4 allele-associated deficits exist in(More)
Density profiles of Alzheimer's disease (AD) regional brain pathology were constructed for 249 subjects in the Huddinge Brain Bank. Counts per square millimeter for neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), diffuse plaques (DP), and neuritic plaques (NP) in 38 areas were investigated using a pattern recognition technique called GoM. The seven distributional profiles(More)
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 allele carries an increased risk of a patient developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) while the epsilon 2 allele carries a decreased risk. We compared survival from the onset of AD in subjects with different numbers of epsilon 4 alleles and evaluated changes in genotypic frequencies with age. Two subject groups were(More)
A novel phenotyping strategy in schizophrenia, targeting different neurocognitive domains, neurobehavioral features, and selected personality traits, has allowed us to identify a homogeneous familial subtype of the disease, characterized by pervasive neurocognitive deficit. Our genome scan data indicate that this subtype, which accounts for up to 50% of our(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the influence of apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism on cognition and survival in a population sample aged 75 years or older. DESIGN The Kungsholmen Project established a cohort of 1810 residents in a district in Stockholm, Sweden, aged 75 years or older in 1987. Information on cognition at cohort inception is available for all(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke and apolipoprotein E epsilon4 (ApoE epsilon4) are individually important risk factors for cognitive decline, including Alzheimer disease. It has been suggested that ApoE epsilon4 multiplies the risk for cognitive decline following stroke. In a population-based sample, using well-defined sensitive cognitive measures, this study(More)