Elizabeth H.B. Hellen

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The cilium both releases and binds to extracellular vesicles (EVs). EVs may be used by cells as a form of intercellular communication and mediate a broad range of physiological and pathological processes. The mammalian polycystins (PCs) localize to cilia, as well as to urinary EVs released from renal epithelial cells. PC ciliary trafficking defects may be(More)
The activities of vertebrate lysosomes are critical to many essential cellular processes. The yeast vacuole is analogous to the mammalian lysosome and is used as a tool to gain insights into vesicle mediated vacuolar/lysosome transport. The protein SAND, which does not contain a SAND domain (PFAM accession number PF01342), has recently been shown to(More)
DNA transposons make up 3% of the human genome, approximately the same percentage as genes. However, because of their inactivity, they are often ignored in favor of the more abundant, active, retroelements. Despite this relative ignominy, there are a number of interesting questions to be asked of these transposon families. One particular question relates to(More)
BACKGROUND Epstein Barr virus (EBV) infects the majority of the human population, causing fatal diseases in a small proportion in conjunction with environmental factors. Following primary infection, EBV remains latent in the memory B cell population for life. Recurrent reactivation of the virus occurs, probably due to activation of the memory B-lymphocytes,(More)
What makes us human is one of the most interesting and enduring questions in evolutionary biology. To assist in answering this question, we have identified insertions in the human genome which cannot be found in five comparison primate species: Chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, and macaque. A total of 21,269 nonpolymorphic human-specific insertions(More)
Transposable elements have an ongoing, largely parasitic interaction with their hosts. We are interested in the timescale of this interaction. In a recent publication, we have examined the sequence divergence between class II DNA transposons from mammalian genomes. We asked whether these sequences undergo a continuing process of turnover, keeping a family(More)
Speciation can involve a transition from a few genetic loci that are resistant to gene flow to genome-wide differentiation. However, only limited data exist concerning this transition and the factors promoting it. Here, we study phases of speciation using data from >100 populations of 11 species of Timema stick insects. Consistent with early phases of genic(More)
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